Cancers in Patients with von Willebrand Disease: A Survey from the Italian Association of Haemophilia Centres

Massimo Franchini, Caterina Di Perna, Cristina Santoro, Giancarlo Castaman, Simona Maria Siboni, Ezio Zanon, Silvia Linari, Paolo Gresele, Samantha Pasca, Antonio Coppola, Rita Santoro, Mariasanta Napolitano, Paola Ranalli, Annarita Tagliaferri, Attilia Maria Pizzini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Besides its essential role in hemostasis, there is growing evidence that von Willebrand factor (VWF) has an additional antitumor effect. To elucidate the clinical significance of this biological activity we conducted a retrospective study on cancers among Italian patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD) on behalf of the Italian Association of Haemophilia Centres (AICE). A questionnaire to collect demographic, clinical, and treatment data of VWD patients with cancer was sent to all the 54 Italian Haemophilia Treatment Centres (HTCs) members of AICE. Overall, 18 HTCs (33%) provided information on 92 VWD patients (61 alive and 31 deceased) with 106 cancers collected during the period 1981 to 2014. Of them, 19 (18%) were hematological cancers and 87 (82%) were solid cancers. A total of 61% of patients had type 1, 36% type 2 (12% type 2A, 14% type 2B, 9% type 2M, and 1% type 2N), and 3% type 3 VWD: this distribution was significantly different from that observed in the whole VWD population (79% type 1, 16% type 2 [8% type 2A, 4% type 2B, 2% type 2M, 2% type 2N], and 5% type 3; type 2 vs. non-type 2: p < 0.001). Overall, VWD patients with cancer underwent 52 invasive and 72 surgical procedures, were treated with VWF/factor VIII (FVIII) concentrates in 77 cases, with desmopressin (DDAVP) alone in 24 cases and with DDAVP and VWF/FVIII concentrates in 7 cases. Hemorrhagic complications were observed only rarely (2% of invasive procedures and radiotherapy and 6% of surgical interventions). The data collected by this survey document that a substantial number of cancers are recorded among VWD patients and that these patients are safely managed by HTC physicians through a multidisciplinary approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-41
Number of pages6
JournalSeminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • bleeding
  • cancer
  • mortality
  • von Willebrand disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Franchini, M., Di Perna, C., Santoro, C., Castaman, G., Siboni, S. M., Zanon, E., Linari, S., Gresele, P., Pasca, S., Coppola, A., Santoro, R., Napolitano, M., Ranalli, P., Tagliaferri, A., & Pizzini, A. M. (2016). Cancers in Patients with von Willebrand Disease: A Survey from the Italian Association of Haemophilia Centres. Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis, 42(1), 36-41. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1564844