Purpose: To evaluate the activity and toxicity of the combination carboplatin plus vinorelbine in extensive small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Patients and Methods: A two-stage optimal Simon design was applied. To proceed after the first stage, responses from 8 of 11 treated patients were needed. Overall, 31 responses of 43 treated patients were required to comply with the design parameters. Inclusion criteria were cytohistologically proven SCLC; extensive disease; age of 70 years or less; Eastern Cooperative Oncology group performance status (ps ECOG) of 2 or less; normal cardiac, hepatic, renal, and bone morrow functions; and no previous chemotherapy. Patients were staged by physical examination; biochemistry; chest radiograph; brain, thoracic; and abdominal computed tomographic (CT) scans, and bone scan. All patients received carboplatin 300 mg/m2 intravenously (IV) day 1 and vinorelbine 25 mg/m2 IV on days 1 and 8 every 4 weeks up to six cycles. Of 43 enrolled patients, 36 were men and 7 women, with a median age of 63 years (range, 46 to 70 years). Results: All patients were assessable for response and toxicity. We observed 32 (74%) objective responses, with 23% complete responses. Median time to progression was 25 weeks, and median survival was 37 weeks. The treatment was well tolerated. The reported main toxicities were leukopenia grade 3 in 21% of patients and grade 4 in 5% of patients, anemia grade 2 in 11% of patients and grade 3 in 2% of patients, and thrombocytopenia grade 3 in 7% of patients. Conclusion: These data show that carboplatin plus vinorelbine is an active and well-tolerated regimen in extensive SCLC. In view of the activity, low toxicity, and ease of administration, it may be a reasonable alternative to more toxic cisplatin- containing regimens.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research