Cardiac arrhythmias due to severe hypokalemia in a patient with classic Bartter disease

Cristina Malafronte, Nicolò Borsa, Silvana Tedeschi, Marie Louise Syrèn, Sara Stucchi, Mario Giovanni Bianchetti, Felice Achilli, Alberto Bettinelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report a young girl with classic Bartter disease (type III) with severe hypokalemia (≤2.0 mmol/l) who developed a prolonged heart rate-corrected QT interval of 510 ms (upper reference 430 ms) and ST segment depression in all leads. Holter electrocardiography was performed (with a plasma potassium level of 2.0 mmol/l) and it disclosed a stable sinus rhythm, a prolonged correct QT interval, more-evident ST segment depression during an increase in heart rate, a few single premature ventricular complexes, and nocturnal conduction abnormalities such as second-degree atrioventricular block 2:1. In the light of these results, the treatment was modified by increasing indomethacin from 1.5 to 3 mg/kg per day and adding spironolactone at a dose of 5 mg/kg per day. After 10 days, plasma potassium levels increased to 2.7 mmol/l and electrocardiographic abnormalities regressed. No other cardiac abnormalities were noted when the serum potassium was maintained >2.5 mmol/l. In conclusion, this case report supports the link between arrhythmic events and chronic renal hypokalemic alkalosis in renal tubular disorders. We highlight the importance of standardizing the use of rest electrocardiography and 24-h Holter monitoring to diagnose arrhythmic events in children with severe hypokalemic renal disorders, especially in those with a plasma potassium

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1413-1415
Number of pages3
JournalPediatric Nephrology
Volume19
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004

Keywords

  • Cardiac arrhythmias
  • Classic Bartter disease
  • Holtermonitoring
  • Hypokalemia
  • QT interval

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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  • Cite this

    Malafronte, C., Borsa, N., Tedeschi, S., Syrèn, M. L., Stucchi, S., Bianchetti, M. G., Achilli, F., & Bettinelli, A. (2004). Cardiac arrhythmias due to severe hypokalemia in a patient with classic Bartter disease. Pediatric Nephrology, 19(12), 1413-1415. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00467-004-1611-0