Cardiac involvement in patients with rheumatic disorders

Data of the RHEU-M(A)R study

Simon Greulich, Daniel Kitterer, Reto Kurmann, Joerg Henes, Joerg Latus, Steffen Gloekler, Andreas Wahl, Sebastian J Buss, Hugo A. Katus, Marco Bobbo, Massimo Lombardi, Maik Backes, Hannah Steubing, Pascal Schepat, Niko Braun, M. Dominik Alscher, Udo Sechtem, Heiko Mahrholdt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of cardiac involvement in rheumatic disorders is challenging due to its varying clinical presentation. Since clinical consequences range from immediate treatment changes to adverse long-term outcome, individual risk stratification is of great clinical interest. Primary aim was to evaluate the prevalence of cardiac involvement in patients with different rheumatic disorders using late gadolinium enhancement-cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (LGE-CMR). In addition, we sought to investigate if different rheumatic disorders would demonstrate different LGE patterns.

METHODS: Two-hundred-ninety-seven patients with rheumatic disorders were included and underwent LGE-CMR for work-up of cardiac involvement, which was defined by the presence of LGE in the myocardium. Patients were divided into five subgroups: 1) ANCA-associated vasculitis, 2) non-ANCA-associated vasculitis, 3) connective tissue disorders, 4) arthritis, and 5) sarcoidosis.

RESULTS: Mean ejection fraction in the overall population was 65%, with a mean age of 55yrs. Prevalence of cardiac involvement in the five subgroups were as follows: 54% in the ANCA-associated vasculitis group, 22% in the non-ANCA-associated vasculitis group, 14% in the group with connective tissue disorders, 21% in the arthritis group, and 24% in sarcoid patients. Each of the five subgroups demonstrated a distinct pattern of LGE.

CONCLUSION: There is a wide range in the prevalence of cardiac involvement in different rheumatic disorders (54%-14%). Different groups of rheumatic disorders demonstrate different patterns of LGE.

CONDENSED ABSTRACT: Primary aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of cardiac involvement in patients with different rheumatic disorders using LGE-CMR. In addition, we sought to investigate if different rheumatic disorders would reveal different LGE patterns. In our 297 patients, the highest prevalence of cardiac involvement was found in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis (54%), whereas the lowest prevalence was demonstrated in patients with connective tissue disorders (14%). Furthermore, different groups of rheumatic disorders demonstrate distinct patterns of LGE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-49
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume224
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

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Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis
Gadolinium
Connective Tissue
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Vasculitis
Arthritis
Sarcoidosis
Myocardium
Population
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Greulich, S., Kitterer, D., Kurmann, R., Henes, J., Latus, J., Gloekler, S., ... Mahrholdt, H. (2016). Cardiac involvement in patients with rheumatic disorders: Data of the RHEU-M(A)R study. International Journal of Cardiology, 224, 37-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.08.298

Cardiac involvement in patients with rheumatic disorders : Data of the RHEU-M(A)R study. / Greulich, Simon; Kitterer, Daniel; Kurmann, Reto; Henes, Joerg; Latus, Joerg; Gloekler, Steffen; Wahl, Andreas; Buss, Sebastian J; Katus, Hugo A.; Bobbo, Marco; Lombardi, Massimo; Backes, Maik; Steubing, Hannah; Schepat, Pascal; Braun, Niko; Alscher, M. Dominik; Sechtem, Udo; Mahrholdt, Heiko.

In: International Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 224, 01.12.2016, p. 37-49.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Greulich, S, Kitterer, D, Kurmann, R, Henes, J, Latus, J, Gloekler, S, Wahl, A, Buss, SJ, Katus, HA, Bobbo, M, Lombardi, M, Backes, M, Steubing, H, Schepat, P, Braun, N, Alscher, MD, Sechtem, U & Mahrholdt, H 2016, 'Cardiac involvement in patients with rheumatic disorders: Data of the RHEU-M(A)R study', International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 224, pp. 37-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.08.298
Greulich, Simon ; Kitterer, Daniel ; Kurmann, Reto ; Henes, Joerg ; Latus, Joerg ; Gloekler, Steffen ; Wahl, Andreas ; Buss, Sebastian J ; Katus, Hugo A. ; Bobbo, Marco ; Lombardi, Massimo ; Backes, Maik ; Steubing, Hannah ; Schepat, Pascal ; Braun, Niko ; Alscher, M. Dominik ; Sechtem, Udo ; Mahrholdt, Heiko. / Cardiac involvement in patients with rheumatic disorders : Data of the RHEU-M(A)R study. In: International Journal of Cardiology. 2016 ; Vol. 224. pp. 37-49.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of cardiac involvement in rheumatic disorders is challenging due to its varying clinical presentation. Since clinical consequences range from immediate treatment changes to adverse long-term outcome, individual risk stratification is of great clinical interest. Primary aim was to evaluate the prevalence of cardiac involvement in patients with different rheumatic disorders using late gadolinium enhancement-cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (LGE-CMR). In addition, we sought to investigate if different rheumatic disorders would demonstrate different LGE patterns.METHODS: Two-hundred-ninety-seven patients with rheumatic disorders were included and underwent LGE-CMR for work-up of cardiac involvement, which was defined by the presence of LGE in the myocardium. Patients were divided into five subgroups: 1) ANCA-associated vasculitis, 2) non-ANCA-associated vasculitis, 3) connective tissue disorders, 4) arthritis, and 5) sarcoidosis.RESULTS: Mean ejection fraction in the overall population was 65{\%}, with a mean age of 55yrs. Prevalence of cardiac involvement in the five subgroups were as follows: 54{\%} in the ANCA-associated vasculitis group, 22{\%} in the non-ANCA-associated vasculitis group, 14{\%} in the group with connective tissue disorders, 21{\%} in the arthritis group, and 24{\%} in sarcoid patients. Each of the five subgroups demonstrated a distinct pattern of LGE.CONCLUSION: There is a wide range in the prevalence of cardiac involvement in different rheumatic disorders (54{\%}-14{\%}). Different groups of rheumatic disorders demonstrate different patterns of LGE.CONDENSED ABSTRACT: Primary aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of cardiac involvement in patients with different rheumatic disorders using LGE-CMR. In addition, we sought to investigate if different rheumatic disorders would reveal different LGE patterns. In our 297 patients, the highest prevalence of cardiac involvement was found in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis (54{\%}), whereas the lowest prevalence was demonstrated in patients with connective tissue disorders (14{\%}). Furthermore, different groups of rheumatic disorders demonstrate distinct patterns of LGE.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Cardiac involvement in patients with rheumatic disorders

T2 - Data of the RHEU-M(A)R study

AU - Greulich, Simon

AU - Kitterer, Daniel

AU - Kurmann, Reto

AU - Henes, Joerg

AU - Latus, Joerg

AU - Gloekler, Steffen

AU - Wahl, Andreas

AU - Buss, Sebastian J

AU - Katus, Hugo A.

AU - Bobbo, Marco

AU - Lombardi, Massimo

AU - Backes, Maik

AU - Steubing, Hannah

AU - Schepat, Pascal

AU - Braun, Niko

AU - Alscher, M. Dominik

AU - Sechtem, Udo

AU - Mahrholdt, Heiko

N1 - Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of cardiac involvement in rheumatic disorders is challenging due to its varying clinical presentation. Since clinical consequences range from immediate treatment changes to adverse long-term outcome, individual risk stratification is of great clinical interest. Primary aim was to evaluate the prevalence of cardiac involvement in patients with different rheumatic disorders using late gadolinium enhancement-cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (LGE-CMR). In addition, we sought to investigate if different rheumatic disorders would demonstrate different LGE patterns.METHODS: Two-hundred-ninety-seven patients with rheumatic disorders were included and underwent LGE-CMR for work-up of cardiac involvement, which was defined by the presence of LGE in the myocardium. Patients were divided into five subgroups: 1) ANCA-associated vasculitis, 2) non-ANCA-associated vasculitis, 3) connective tissue disorders, 4) arthritis, and 5) sarcoidosis.RESULTS: Mean ejection fraction in the overall population was 65%, with a mean age of 55yrs. Prevalence of cardiac involvement in the five subgroups were as follows: 54% in the ANCA-associated vasculitis group, 22% in the non-ANCA-associated vasculitis group, 14% in the group with connective tissue disorders, 21% in the arthritis group, and 24% in sarcoid patients. Each of the five subgroups demonstrated a distinct pattern of LGE.CONCLUSION: There is a wide range in the prevalence of cardiac involvement in different rheumatic disorders (54%-14%). Different groups of rheumatic disorders demonstrate different patterns of LGE.CONDENSED ABSTRACT: Primary aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of cardiac involvement in patients with different rheumatic disorders using LGE-CMR. In addition, we sought to investigate if different rheumatic disorders would reveal different LGE patterns. In our 297 patients, the highest prevalence of cardiac involvement was found in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis (54%), whereas the lowest prevalence was demonstrated in patients with connective tissue disorders (14%). Furthermore, different groups of rheumatic disorders demonstrate distinct patterns of LGE.

AB - BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of cardiac involvement in rheumatic disorders is challenging due to its varying clinical presentation. Since clinical consequences range from immediate treatment changes to adverse long-term outcome, individual risk stratification is of great clinical interest. Primary aim was to evaluate the prevalence of cardiac involvement in patients with different rheumatic disorders using late gadolinium enhancement-cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (LGE-CMR). In addition, we sought to investigate if different rheumatic disorders would demonstrate different LGE patterns.METHODS: Two-hundred-ninety-seven patients with rheumatic disorders were included and underwent LGE-CMR for work-up of cardiac involvement, which was defined by the presence of LGE in the myocardium. Patients were divided into five subgroups: 1) ANCA-associated vasculitis, 2) non-ANCA-associated vasculitis, 3) connective tissue disorders, 4) arthritis, and 5) sarcoidosis.RESULTS: Mean ejection fraction in the overall population was 65%, with a mean age of 55yrs. Prevalence of cardiac involvement in the five subgroups were as follows: 54% in the ANCA-associated vasculitis group, 22% in the non-ANCA-associated vasculitis group, 14% in the group with connective tissue disorders, 21% in the arthritis group, and 24% in sarcoid patients. Each of the five subgroups demonstrated a distinct pattern of LGE.CONCLUSION: There is a wide range in the prevalence of cardiac involvement in different rheumatic disorders (54%-14%). Different groups of rheumatic disorders demonstrate different patterns of LGE.CONDENSED ABSTRACT: Primary aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of cardiac involvement in patients with different rheumatic disorders using LGE-CMR. In addition, we sought to investigate if different rheumatic disorders would reveal different LGE patterns. In our 297 patients, the highest prevalence of cardiac involvement was found in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis (54%), whereas the lowest prevalence was demonstrated in patients with connective tissue disorders (14%). Furthermore, different groups of rheumatic disorders demonstrate distinct patterns of LGE.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.08.298

DO - 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.08.298

M3 - Article

VL - 224

SP - 37

EP - 49

JO - International Journal of Cardiology

JF - International Journal of Cardiology

SN - 0167-5273

ER -