Cardiac magnetic resonance for ischaemia and viability detection. Guiding patient selection to revascularization in coronary chronic total occlusions: The CARISMA_CTO study design

S. Pica, G. Di Giovine, M. Bollati, L. Testa, F. Bedogni, A. Camporeale, G. Pontone, D. Andreini, L. Monti, G. Gasparini, L. Grancini, G. G. Secco, A. Maestroni, F. Ambrogi, V. Milani, M. Lombardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: It is debated whether percutaneous revascularization (PCI) of total coronary chronic occlusion (CTO) is superior to optimal medical therapy (OMT) in improving symptoms, left ventricular (LV) function and major adverse cardiac/cerebrovascular events (MACCE). Furthermore, CTO-PCI is a challenging technique, with lower success rate than in other settings. A systematic analysis of baseline LV function, infarction extent and ischaemic burden to predict response to revascularization has never been performed. Purposes: To establish a CMR protocol to identify patients (pts) who can benefit most from CTO-PCI. Myocardial viability/ischaemia retains high biological plausibility as predictors of response to revascularization. Therefore, baseline viability (necrotic tissue extent, response to inotropic stimulation) and ischaemia (perfusion defect, wall motion abnormality during stress) will be studied as potential predictors of mechanical LV segmental improvement and ischaemic burden reduction in CTO territory (primary endpoint), LV remodelling and global function, Seattle Angina Questionnaire, and MACCE improvement (secondary endpoints) in the follow-up. Methods: Pts with CTO suitable for PCI undergo stress-CMR for viability/ischaemia assessment. Pts with normal LV function undergo adenosine, those with moderately-reduced ejection fraction (EF) and wall motion abnormalities high-dose dobutamine, pts with EF <35% low-dose dobutamine. All pts undergo late gadolinium enhancement and repeat the same scan at 12 ± 3 months, regardless of PCI success or decision for OMT. Conclusions: A multi-parameter CMR protocol tailored on pts characteristics to study viability/ischaemia could help in identifying responders in terms of LV function, ischaemic burden and clinical outcome among pts suitable for CTO-PCI, improving selection of best candidates to percutaneous revascularization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-362
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume272
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018

Keywords

  • Cardiac magnetic resonance
  • Coronary chronic total occlusions
  • Myocardial ischaemia
  • Myocardial viability
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention
  • Stress CMR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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