Cardiac fibroblasts play an important role in the regulation of the extracellular matrix and are newly recognized as inflammatory supporter cells. Interferon (IFN)-γ is known to counteract transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1-induced myofibroblast differentiation. This study aims at investigating in vitro how IFN-γ affects TGF-ß1-induced monocyte attraction. Therefore, C4 fibroblasts and fibroblasts obtained by outgrowth culture from the left ventricle (LV) of male C57BL6/j mice were stimulated with TGF-β1, IFN-γ and TGF-β1 + IFN-γ. Confirming previous studies, IFN-γ decreased the TGF-ß1-induced myofibroblast differentiation, as obviated by lower collagen I, III, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), lysyl oxidase (Lox)-1 and lysyl oxidase-like (LoxL)-2 levels in TGF-β1 + IFN-γ- versus TGF-ß1-stimulated cardiac fibroblasts. TGF-β1 + IFN-γ-stimulated C4 and cardiac fibroblasts displayed a higher CC-chemokine ligand (CCL) 2, CCL7 and chemokine C-X3-C motif ligand (Cx3CL1) release versus sole TGF-ß1-stimulated fibroblasts. Analysis of migrated monocyte subsets towards the different conditioned media further revealed that sole TGF-β1-And IFN-γ-conditioned media particularly attracted Ly6Clow and Ly6Chigh monocytes, respectively, as compared to control media. In line with theses findings, TGF-β1 + IFN-γ-conditioned media led to a lower Ly6Clow/Ly6Chigh monocyte migration ratio compared to sole TGF-ß1 treatment. These differences in monocyte migration reflect the complex interplay of pro-inflammatory cytokines and pro-fibrotic factors in cardiac remodelling and inflammation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas