BACKGROUND. The aim of this study was to ascertain the incidence of altered serum cardiac Troponin-T (cTnT) and cardiac Troponin I (cTnI) in patients with unstable angina, the concordance between findings for the two proteins, their release kinetics and their utility in predicting coronary events. METHODS. We studied 32 consecutive patients (pts) admitted to the Coronary Unit with a diagnosis of unstable angina; following Braunwald classification criteria, 5 pts were in class I, 4 class II, 23 class III. A blood sample was taken on admission to hospital and subsequently every 8 hours for two days, a total of 7 samples being obtained per pt. Cardiac-TnT values ranging from 0-0.17 μgr/L (Boehringer Mannheim) were considered normal, as were cTnI values ranging from O to 0.7 μgr/L (Stratus-Dade). RESULTS. Among 218 samples, altered cTnT values (0.18-0.68 μgr/L) were found in 19 (3 pts), and 13 of these samples were positive for cTnI (0.8-5.5 μgr/L), while the remaining 6 showed borderline values for cTnI (0.5-0.7 μgr/L). No cTnT negative samples were found to be positive for cTnI. The release kinetics of cTnT and cTnI were comparable in all three cases, with a "plateau" pattern, unlike the kinetics in the course of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The mean follow-up was 13 months on average (range 1-19). In two pts with altered cTnT and cTnI values, symptoms were controlled with medical therapy, while the remaining patient failed to respond to medical therapy and therefore underwent PTCA. Fifteen months later, they are alive and have not had myocardial infarction. Of the 29 pts with normal cTnT and cTnI values, three developed AMI, which in two cases was fatal. Seven pts were submitted PTCA, seven to aorto-coronary bypass surgery, two were subsequently rehospitalized for a recurrent angina symptoms. In 13 pts complete control of symptoms was achieved with medical therapy. CONCLUSIONS. Our findings demonstrate that the incidence of altered cTnT and cTnI values in pts with unstable angina is low; there is close agreement between findings for the two proteins; in cases of angina, the cTnT and cTnI release kinetics are different from those in AMI. The finding of altered cTnT and cTnI values in the serum of our pts with unstable angina does not appear to be of prognostic value for future coronary events.
|Translated title of the contribution||Cardiac troponin T and cardiac troponin I in unstable angina: Incidence, correlation, release kinetics and prognostic value|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine