Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: From the Beginning to the Present Day

Giuseppe Ristagno, Wanchun Tang, Max Harry Weil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Cardiac arrest represents a dramatic event that can occur suddenly and often without premonitory signs, characterized by sudden loss of consciousness and breathing after cardiac output ceases and both coronary and cerebral blood flows stop. Restarting of the blood flow by cardiopulmonary resuscitation potentially re-establishes some cardiac output and organ blood flows. This article summarizes the major events that encompass the history of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, beginning with ancient history and evolving into the current American Heart Association's commitment to save hearts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-151
Number of pages19
JournalCritical Care Clinics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009


  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Chest compression
  • Defibrillation
  • Ventilation
  • Ventricular fibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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