A resposta cardiorrespiratóia ao exercício e variáveispsicológicas no transtorno do pânico

Translated title of the contribution: Cardiorespiratory response to physical exercise and psychological variables in panic disorder

Caldirola Daniela, Namia Caterina, Wilma Micieli, Claudia Carminati, Laura Bellodi, Giampaolo Perna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To investigate the possible influence of psychological variables on cardiorespiratory responses and perceived exertion of patients with Panic Disorder (PD) during a submaximal exercise test. Method: Ten outpatients with PD and 10 matched healthy subjects walked up on a treadmill slope at a speed of 4 km/h in order to reach 65% of their maximum heart rate. Cardiorespiratory variables were continuously recorded. Before the exercise, the state and trait anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory scores), fear of physical sensations (Body Sensation Questionnaire scores), and fear of autonomic arousal (Anxiety Sensitivity Index scores) were assessed; during the exercise, levels of anxiety (VAS-A) and exertion (Borg Scale CR 10) were measured. Results: Compared to controls, patients reached earlier the target HR and the ventilatory threshold, showed lower oxygen consumption, higher HR and lower within-subject standard deviations of HR (a measure of cardiac variability). Exertion was also higher, and there was a significant correlation between breathing frequency, tidal volume and HR. No significant associations were found between cardiorespiratory response, perceived exertion, and psychological variables in patients with PD. Conclusion: Although patients with PD presented poor cardiorespiratory fitness and were required to spend more effort during physical exercise, this did not appear to be related to the psychological variables considered. Further studies with larger groups are warranted.

Translated title of the contributionCardiorespiratory response to physical exercise and psychological variables in panic disorder
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)385-389
Number of pages5
JournalRevista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011


  • Biological markers
  • Cardiology
  • Exercise
  • Neurophysiology
  • Panic disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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