Aim: To evaluate cardiotoxicity in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2+ (HER2+) breast cancer (29 left-sided, 23 right-sided) treated with adjuvant whole-breast hypofractionated radiotherapy (HRT) concurrently administered with the humanized monoclonal antibody to HER2, trastuzumab. Patients and Methods: From February 2008 to June 2017, 52 patients received three-dimensional conformal RT, with different HRT schemes. Echocardiogram monitoring was used to evaluate the decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Results: At a median follow-up of 5 years, cardiotoxicity was as follows: among the 15 patients treated with 46 Gy: grade (G) 2 in two (13%), G1 in three (20%), and G0 in 10 (67%);in those treated with 39 Gy (16 patients): G1 in five (31%), and G0 in 11 (69%);among the 21 patients treated with 35 Gy: G2 in one (5%), G1 in five (24%), and G0 in 15 (71%). Conclusion: Trastuzumab was shown to be a safe adjuvant treatment when administered with concomitant HRT since it did not increase cardiotoxicity in those with left-sided breast cancer. No differences in LVEF were observed between the HRT schemes.
- Adjuvant treatment
- Breast cancer cardiotoxicity
- Hypofractionated radiotherapy (HRT)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)