Cardiovascular and respiratory effect of yogic slow breathing in the yoga beginner: What is the best approach?

Heather Mason, Matteo Vandoni, Giacomo Debarbieri, Erwan Codrons, Veena Ugargol, Luciano Bernardi

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Slow breathing increases cardiac-vagal baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), improves oxygen saturation, lowers blood pressure, and reduces anxiety. Within the yoga tradition slow breathing is often paired with a contraction of the glottis muscles. This resistance breath "ujjayi" is performed at various rates and ratios of inspiration/expiration. To test whether ujjayi had additional positive effects to slow breathing, we compared BRS and ventilatory control under different breathing patterns (equal/unequal inspiration/expiration at 6 breath/min, with/without ujjayi), in 17 yoga-naive young healthy participants. BRS increased with slow breathing techniques with or without expiratory ujjayi (P

Original languageEnglish
Article number743504
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 2013


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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