Systemic inflammatory diseases are associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The link between inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases can be attributed to the coexistence of classical risk factors and inflammatory mechanisms activated during systemic inflammatory diseases involving the immune system. Unfavorable metabolic effects of anti-inflammatory drugs can also contribute to increase cardiovascular risk. Yet, clinical implications of these findings are not entirely clear, and deeper knowledge and awareness of cardiac involvement in inflammatory diseases are necessary. The aim of this review is to summarize cardiac involvement in systemic inflammatory diseases and to identify aspects where evidence is currently lacking that would deserve further investigation in the future.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine