Cardiovascular screening in low-income settings using a novel 4-lead smartphone-based electrocardiograph (D-Heart(R))

N. Maurizi, A. Faragli, J. Imberti, N. Briante, M. Targetti, K. Baldini, A. Sall, A. Cisse, F. G. Berzolari, P. Borrelli, F. Avvantaggiato, S. Perlini, N. Marchionni, F. Cecchi, G. Parigi, I. Olivotto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: MHealth technologies are revolutionizing cardiovascular medicine. However, a low-cost, user-friendly smartphone-based electrocardiograph is still lacking. D-Heart(R) is a portable device that enables the acquisition of the ECG on multiple leads which streams via Bluetooth to any smartphone. Because of the potential impact of this technology in low-income settings, we determined the accuracy of D-Heart(R) tracings in the stratification of ECG morphological abnormalities, compared with 12-lead ECGs. METHODS: Consecutive African patients referred to the Ziguinchor Regional Hospital (Senegal) were enrolled (n=117; 69 males, age 39+/-11years). D-Heart(R) recordings (3 peripheral leads plus V5) were obtained immediately followed by 12 lead ECGs and were assessed blindly by 2 independent observers. Global burden of ECG abnormalities was defined by a semi-quantitative score based on the sum of 9 criteria, identifying four classes of increasing severity. RESULTS: D-Heart(R) and 12-lead ECG tracings were respectively classified as: normal: 72 (61%) vs 69 (59%); mildly abnormal: 42 (36%) vs 45 (38%); moderately abnormal: 3 (3%) vs 3 (3%). None had markedly abnormal tracings. Cohen's weighted kappa (kw) test demonstrated a concordance of 0,952 (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-252
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017


  • Adult
  • Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis/economics/epidemiology
  • Cohort Studies
  • Electrocardiography/economics/instrumentation/methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Screening/economics/instrumentation/methods
  • Middle Aged
  • Poverty/economics
  • Senegal/epidemiology
  • Smartphone/economics/utilization
  • Telemedicine/economics/instrumentation/methods
  • Low-income settings
  • Portable electrocardiograph
  • Telemedicine
  • mHealth


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