Care pathways models and clinical outcomes in Disorders of consciousness

Davide Sattin, Laura Morganti, Laura De Torres, Giuliano Dolce, Francesco Arcuri, Anna Estraneo, Viviana Cardinale, Roberto Piperno, Elena Zavatta, Rita Formisano, Mariagrazia D'Ippolito, Claudio Vassallo, Barbara Dessi, Gianfranco Lamberti, Elena Antoniono, Crocifissa Lanzillotti, Jorge Navarro, Placido Bramanti, Francesco Corallo, Mauro ZampoliniFederico Scarponi, Renato Avesani, Luca Salvi, Salvatore Ferro, Luigi Mazza, Paolo Fogar, Sandro Feller, Fulvio De Nigris, Andrea Martinuzzi, Mara Buffoni, Adriano Pessina, Paolo Corsico, Matilde Leonardi

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Patients with Disorders of consciousness, are persons with extremely low functioning levels and represent a challenge for health care systems due to their high needs of facilitating environmental factors. Despite a common Italian health care pathway for these patients, no studies have analyzed information on how each region have implemented it in its welfare system correlating data with patients' clinical outcomes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multicenter observational pilot study was realized. Clinicians collected data on the care pathways of patients with Disorder of consciousness by asking 90 patients' caregivers to complete an ad hoc questionnaire through a structured phone interview. Questionnaire consisted of three sections: sociodemographic data, description of the care pathway done by the patient, and caregiver evaluation of health services and information received.

RESULTS: Seventy-three patients were analyzed. Length of hospital stay was different across the health care models and it was associated with improvement in clinical diagnosis. In long-term care units, the diagnosis at admission and the number of caregivers available for each patient (median value = 3) showed an indirect relationship with worsening probability in clinical outcome. Caregivers reported that communication with professionals (42%) and the answer to the need of information were the most critical points in the acute phase, whereas presence of Non-Governmental Organizations (25%) and availability of psychologists for caregivers (21%) were often missing during long-term care. The 65% of caregivers reported they did not know the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

CONCLUSION: This study highlights relevant differences in analyzed models, despite a recommended national pathway of care. Future public health considerations and actions are needed to guarantee equity and standardization of the care process in all European countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e00740
JournalBrain and Behavior
Volume7
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

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Consciousness Disorders
Critical Pathways
Caregivers
Long-Term Care
Delivery of Health Care
Length of Stay
United Nations
Health Services Research
Disabled Persons
Information Systems
Observational Studies
Patient Care
Public Health
Communication
Organizations
Interviews
Psychology

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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Care pathways models and clinical outcomes in Disorders of consciousness. / Sattin, Davide; Morganti, Laura; De Torres, Laura; Dolce, Giuliano; Arcuri, Francesco; Estraneo, Anna; Cardinale, Viviana; Piperno, Roberto; Zavatta, Elena; Formisano, Rita; D'Ippolito, Mariagrazia; Vassallo, Claudio; Dessi, Barbara; Lamberti, Gianfranco; Antoniono, Elena; Lanzillotti, Crocifissa; Navarro, Jorge; Bramanti, Placido; Corallo, Francesco; Zampolini, Mauro; Scarponi, Federico; Avesani, Renato; Salvi, Luca; Ferro, Salvatore; Mazza, Luigi; Fogar, Paolo; Feller, Sandro; De Nigris, Fulvio; Martinuzzi, Andrea; Buffoni, Mara; Pessina, Adriano; Corsico, Paolo; Leonardi, Matilde.

In: Brain and Behavior, Vol. 7, No. 8, 07.2017, p. e00740.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sattin, D, Morganti, L, De Torres, L, Dolce, G, Arcuri, F, Estraneo, A, Cardinale, V, Piperno, R, Zavatta, E, Formisano, R, D'Ippolito, M, Vassallo, C, Dessi, B, Lamberti, G, Antoniono, E, Lanzillotti, C, Navarro, J, Bramanti, P, Corallo, F, Zampolini, M, Scarponi, F, Avesani, R, Salvi, L, Ferro, S, Mazza, L, Fogar, P, Feller, S, De Nigris, F, Martinuzzi, A, Buffoni, M, Pessina, A, Corsico, P & Leonardi, M 2017, 'Care pathways models and clinical outcomes in Disorders of consciousness', Brain and Behavior, vol. 7, no. 8, pp. e00740. https://doi.org/10.1002/brb3.740
Sattin, Davide ; Morganti, Laura ; De Torres, Laura ; Dolce, Giuliano ; Arcuri, Francesco ; Estraneo, Anna ; Cardinale, Viviana ; Piperno, Roberto ; Zavatta, Elena ; Formisano, Rita ; D'Ippolito, Mariagrazia ; Vassallo, Claudio ; Dessi, Barbara ; Lamberti, Gianfranco ; Antoniono, Elena ; Lanzillotti, Crocifissa ; Navarro, Jorge ; Bramanti, Placido ; Corallo, Francesco ; Zampolini, Mauro ; Scarponi, Federico ; Avesani, Renato ; Salvi, Luca ; Ferro, Salvatore ; Mazza, Luigi ; Fogar, Paolo ; Feller, Sandro ; De Nigris, Fulvio ; Martinuzzi, Andrea ; Buffoni, Mara ; Pessina, Adriano ; Corsico, Paolo ; Leonardi, Matilde. / Care pathways models and clinical outcomes in Disorders of consciousness. In: Brain and Behavior. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 8. pp. e00740.
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T1 - Care pathways models and clinical outcomes in Disorders of consciousness

AU - Sattin, Davide

AU - Morganti, Laura

AU - De Torres, Laura

AU - Dolce, Giuliano

AU - Arcuri, Francesco

AU - Estraneo, Anna

AU - Cardinale, Viviana

AU - Piperno, Roberto

AU - Zavatta, Elena

AU - Formisano, Rita

AU - D'Ippolito, Mariagrazia

AU - Vassallo, Claudio

AU - Dessi, Barbara

AU - Lamberti, Gianfranco

AU - Antoniono, Elena

AU - Lanzillotti, Crocifissa

AU - Navarro, Jorge

AU - Bramanti, Placido

AU - Corallo, Francesco

AU - Zampolini, Mauro

AU - Scarponi, Federico

AU - Avesani, Renato

AU - Salvi, Luca

AU - Ferro, Salvatore

AU - Mazza, Luigi

AU - Fogar, Paolo

AU - Feller, Sandro

AU - De Nigris, Fulvio

AU - Martinuzzi, Andrea

AU - Buffoni, Mara

AU - Pessina, Adriano

AU - Corsico, Paolo

AU - Leonardi, Matilde

PY - 2017/7

Y1 - 2017/7

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Patients with Disorders of consciousness, are persons with extremely low functioning levels and represent a challenge for health care systems due to their high needs of facilitating environmental factors. Despite a common Italian health care pathway for these patients, no studies have analyzed information on how each region have implemented it in its welfare system correlating data with patients' clinical outcomes.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multicenter observational pilot study was realized. Clinicians collected data on the care pathways of patients with Disorder of consciousness by asking 90 patients' caregivers to complete an ad hoc questionnaire through a structured phone interview. Questionnaire consisted of three sections: sociodemographic data, description of the care pathway done by the patient, and caregiver evaluation of health services and information received.RESULTS: Seventy-three patients were analyzed. Length of hospital stay was different across the health care models and it was associated with improvement in clinical diagnosis. In long-term care units, the diagnosis at admission and the number of caregivers available for each patient (median value = 3) showed an indirect relationship with worsening probability in clinical outcome. Caregivers reported that communication with professionals (42%) and the answer to the need of information were the most critical points in the acute phase, whereas presence of Non-Governmental Organizations (25%) and availability of psychologists for caregivers (21%) were often missing during long-term care. The 65% of caregivers reported they did not know the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.CONCLUSION: This study highlights relevant differences in analyzed models, despite a recommended national pathway of care. Future public health considerations and actions are needed to guarantee equity and standardization of the care process in all European countries.

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KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1002/brb3.740

DO - 10.1002/brb3.740

M3 - Article

C2 - 28828206

VL - 7

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JF - Brain and Behavior

SN - 2157-9032

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