Carotid baroreceptor unloading decreases plasma atrial natriuretic factor in hypertensive patients.

M. Volpe, A. F. Mele, N. De Luca, P. Golino, G. Bondiolotti, M. J. Camargo, S. A. Atlas, B. Trimarco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) release is known to be regulated by distension of the atrial wall; other factors affecting ANF secretion have not yet been defined. In order to evaluate the effects of the reflex activation of the sympathetic nervous system on ANF plasma levels, in 11 patients with essential hypertension progressive deactivation of carotid baroreceptors was induced by 4-min graded increases in external neck tissue pressure. Carotid sinus hypotension induced progressive increases in blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) and forearm vascular resistance (FVR), while plasma renin activity and catecholamine concentrations did not change significantly. Despite the lack of changes in right atrial pressure during this manoeuvre, plasma ANF levels showed a progressive and significant reduction, which was correlated with the increase in FVR. Although a contribution by other factors cannot be ruled out, our data suggest that the reflex activation of sympathetic nervous system is associated with reduced ANF release, independent of changes in atrial pressure.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Hypertension, Supplement
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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