Background and Purpose: There is no consensus on the optimal antithrombotic medication for patients with acute ischemic stroke with anterior circulation tandem occlusions treated with emergent carotid stent placement and mechanical thrombectomy. The identification of factors influencing hemorrhagic risks can assist in creating appropriate therapeutic algorithms for such patients. This study aimed to investigate the impact of medical therapy on functional and safety outcomes in patients treated with carotid stent placement and mechanical thrombectomy for tandem occlusions. Materials and Methods: A multicenter retrospective study on prospectively collected data was conducted. Only patients treated with carotid stent placement and mechanical thrombectomy for tandem occlusions of the anterior circulation were included. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed on preprocedural, procedural, and postprocedural variables to assess factors influencing clinical outcome, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, stent patency, and successful intracranial vessel recanalization. Results: Ninety-five patients with acute ischemic stroke and tandem occlusions were included. Good clinical outcome (mRS ≤ 2) at 3 months was reached by 33 (39.3%) patients and was associated with baseline ASPECTS ≥ 8 (OR = 1.53; 95% CI, 1.16-2.00), ≤2 mechanical thrombectomy attempts (OR = 0.71; 95% CI, 0.55-0.99), and the absence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (OR= 0.13; 95% CI, 0.03-0.51). Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage was associated with a higher amount of intraprocedural heparin, ASPECTS ≤ 7, and ≥3 mechanical thrombectomy attempts. No relationships among types of acute antiplatelet regimen, intravenous thrombolysis, and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage were observed. Patients receiving dual-antiplatelet therapy after hemorrhagic transformation had been ruled out on 24-hour CT were more likely to achieve functional independence and had a lower risk of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. Conclusions: During carotid stent placement and mechanical thrombectomy for tandem occlusion treatment, higher intraprocedural heparin dosage (≥3000 IU) increased symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage risk when the initial ASPECTS was ≤7, and mechanical thrombectomy needs more than one passage for complete recanalization. Antiplatelets antiplatelets use were safe, and dual-antiaggregation therapy was related to better functional outcomes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology