Carrier detection in hemophilia A: A cooperative international study. I. The carrier phenotype

J. B. Graham, C. R. Rizza, J. Chediak, P. M. Mannucci, E. Briët, R. Ljung, C. K. Kasper, E. M. Essien, P. P. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Eight laboratories in six countries cooperated to clarify several issues concerning the phenotypes of heterozygous carriers of hemophilia 'A'. Plasma levels of factor VIII (F.VIII:C, formerly VIII:C) and von Willebrand factor (VWF:Ag, formerly VIIIR:Ag) of carriers and normal women were determined by various 'in-house' methods; a single lyophilized plasma standard was used for all assays. Analysis of the collated data from 336 carriers (296 obligatory carriers and 40 sporadic carriers) and 137 normal women showed that there was no difference in the F.VII:C levels of 'paternal' carriers (women who had obtained the abnormal gene from their fathers) and 'maternal' carriers. Neither was there a difference in the VWF:Ag levels of normal women and either type of carrier. Age was found to have a significant effect on both. F.VIII:C and VWF:Ag, values being higher at very young and very old ages, the minima occurring in the 25- to 30-year range. ABO blood type had a striking effect. Women of types A, B, and AB (designated non-O in the study), both normals and carriers, had significantly higher levels of both factors than did women of type O. Analysis by laboratories showed that differences in mean levels of both factors between laboratories were highly significant. It was concluded that age, ABO blood type, and laboratory variation should be taken into account in carrier detection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1554-1559
Number of pages6
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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