Carrots, green vegetables and lung cancer: A case-control study

Paola Pisani, Franco Berrino, Maurizio Macaluso, Ugo Pastorino, Paolo Crosignani, Alberto Baldasseroni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A total of 417 lung cancer cases and 849 controls were interviewed on their life-long tobacco usage and their current intake of four food items rich in retinol or carotene. The study was a hospital-based case control where 'cases' were lung cancer patients diagnosed during the period 1979/80 at seven hospitals in the Lombardy region (90% pathologically confirmed) and controls were patients admitted to the same hospitals for causes unrelated to tobacco smoking (epithelia) cancers being excluded from present analysis). Odds ratios (OR) have been computed for increasing frequencies of consumption of liver, cheese, carrots and leafy green vegetables, having controlled for the confounding effects of tobacco usage, residence and birthplace.Current smokers who did not consume carrots showed a three-fold risk of developing lung cancer compared with those who ate them more than once a week (OR = 2.9

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-468
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Epidemiology
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Epidemiology

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