Cartilage and Bone Serum Biomarkers as Novel Tools for Monitoring Knee Osteochondritis Dissecans Treated with Osteochondral Scaffold

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Abstract

Knee osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a focal disease of the joint characterized by modifications of bone and cartilage tissues. Biomimetic osteochondral scaffolds are used to restore these tissues. The aim of this prognostic prospective cohort study was to evaluate serum biomarkers of cartilage (fragments or propeptide of type II collagen: CTXII, C2C, and CPII) and bone (tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) 5b and osteocalcin (OC)) turnover during follow-up of patients treated with an osteochondral scaffold, to identify which were related to healing outcome and clinical score. We found that cartilage (CPII) and bone (OC) synthetic biomarkers were significantly increased during the first-year follow-up, while the respective degradative markers (CTXII, C2C, and TRAP5b) were not modulated. Only CTXII/CPII and C2C/CPII cartilage ratios were significantly modulated, evidencing a higher remodeling of cartilage compared to bone tissue. Cartilage and bone single biomarkers or ratios at one-year follow-up showed values close to or similar to those of healthy subjects. International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score significantly increased from T0 to T2, while the Tegner score did not. Taking into consideration an IKDC score > 70 as clinical success, we found that all OCD cases with both CPII (> 300 pg/ml) and C2C/CPII (<0.35) presented IKDC scores of clinical success. OCD patients treated with an osteochondral scaffold showed an improvement at one-year follow-up, evidenced by both clinical and serum cartilage biomarkers. These data confirmed that cartilage and bone remodeling took place and showed that systemic biomarkers represent a sensitive tool for monitoring OCD patients during the follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 23 2018

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Osteochondritis Dissecans
Cartilage
Biomarkers
Scaffolds
Knee
Bone
Bone and Bones
Monitoring
Serum
Documentation
Osteocalcin
Tissue
Biomimetics
Collagen Type II
Joint Diseases
Bone Remodeling
Scaffolds (biology)
Acid Phosphatase
Healthy Volunteers
Cohort Studies

Cite this

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title = "Cartilage and Bone Serum Biomarkers as Novel Tools for Monitoring Knee Osteochondritis Dissecans Treated with Osteochondral Scaffold",
abstract = "Knee osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a focal disease of the joint characterized by modifications of bone and cartilage tissues. Biomimetic osteochondral scaffolds are used to restore these tissues. The aim of this prognostic prospective cohort study was to evaluate serum biomarkers of cartilage (fragments or propeptide of type II collagen: CTXII, C2C, and CPII) and bone (tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) 5b and osteocalcin (OC)) turnover during follow-up of patients treated with an osteochondral scaffold, to identify which were related to healing outcome and clinical score. We found that cartilage (CPII) and bone (OC) synthetic biomarkers were significantly increased during the first-year follow-up, while the respective degradative markers (CTXII, C2C, and TRAP5b) were not modulated. Only CTXII/CPII and C2C/CPII cartilage ratios were significantly modulated, evidencing a higher remodeling of cartilage compared to bone tissue. Cartilage and bone single biomarkers or ratios at one-year follow-up showed values close to or similar to those of healthy subjects. International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score significantly increased from T0 to T2, while the Tegner score did not. Taking into consideration an IKDC score > 70 as clinical success, we found that all OCD cases with both CPII (> 300 pg/ml) and C2C/CPII (<0.35) presented IKDC scores of clinical success. OCD patients treated with an osteochondral scaffold showed an improvement at one-year follow-up, evidenced by both clinical and serum cartilage biomarkers. These data confirmed that cartilage and bone remodeling took place and showed that systemic biomarkers represent a sensitive tool for monitoring OCD patients during the follow-up.",
author = "Elena Gabusi and Francesca Paolella and Cristina Manferdini and Laura Gambari and Elizaveta Kon and Giuseppe Filardo and Erminia Mariani and Gina Lisignoli",
year = "2018",
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T1 - Cartilage and Bone Serum Biomarkers as Novel Tools for Monitoring Knee Osteochondritis Dissecans Treated with Osteochondral Scaffold

AU - Gabusi, Elena

AU - Paolella, Francesca

AU - Manferdini, Cristina

AU - Gambari, Laura

AU - Kon, Elizaveta

AU - Filardo, Giuseppe

AU - Mariani, Erminia

AU - Lisignoli, Gina

PY - 2018/12/23

Y1 - 2018/12/23

N2 - Knee osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a focal disease of the joint characterized by modifications of bone and cartilage tissues. Biomimetic osteochondral scaffolds are used to restore these tissues. The aim of this prognostic prospective cohort study was to evaluate serum biomarkers of cartilage (fragments or propeptide of type II collagen: CTXII, C2C, and CPII) and bone (tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) 5b and osteocalcin (OC)) turnover during follow-up of patients treated with an osteochondral scaffold, to identify which were related to healing outcome and clinical score. We found that cartilage (CPII) and bone (OC) synthetic biomarkers were significantly increased during the first-year follow-up, while the respective degradative markers (CTXII, C2C, and TRAP5b) were not modulated. Only CTXII/CPII and C2C/CPII cartilage ratios were significantly modulated, evidencing a higher remodeling of cartilage compared to bone tissue. Cartilage and bone single biomarkers or ratios at one-year follow-up showed values close to or similar to those of healthy subjects. International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score significantly increased from T0 to T2, while the Tegner score did not. Taking into consideration an IKDC score > 70 as clinical success, we found that all OCD cases with both CPII (> 300 pg/ml) and C2C/CPII (<0.35) presented IKDC scores of clinical success. OCD patients treated with an osteochondral scaffold showed an improvement at one-year follow-up, evidenced by both clinical and serum cartilage biomarkers. These data confirmed that cartilage and bone remodeling took place and showed that systemic biomarkers represent a sensitive tool for monitoring OCD patients during the follow-up.

AB - Knee osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a focal disease of the joint characterized by modifications of bone and cartilage tissues. Biomimetic osteochondral scaffolds are used to restore these tissues. The aim of this prognostic prospective cohort study was to evaluate serum biomarkers of cartilage (fragments or propeptide of type II collagen: CTXII, C2C, and CPII) and bone (tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) 5b and osteocalcin (OC)) turnover during follow-up of patients treated with an osteochondral scaffold, to identify which were related to healing outcome and clinical score. We found that cartilage (CPII) and bone (OC) synthetic biomarkers were significantly increased during the first-year follow-up, while the respective degradative markers (CTXII, C2C, and TRAP5b) were not modulated. Only CTXII/CPII and C2C/CPII cartilage ratios were significantly modulated, evidencing a higher remodeling of cartilage compared to bone tissue. Cartilage and bone single biomarkers or ratios at one-year follow-up showed values close to or similar to those of healthy subjects. International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score significantly increased from T0 to T2, while the Tegner score did not. Taking into consideration an IKDC score > 70 as clinical success, we found that all OCD cases with both CPII (> 300 pg/ml) and C2C/CPII (<0.35) presented IKDC scores of clinical success. OCD patients treated with an osteochondral scaffold showed an improvement at one-year follow-up, evidenced by both clinical and serum cartilage biomarkers. These data confirmed that cartilage and bone remodeling took place and showed that systemic biomarkers represent a sensitive tool for monitoring OCD patients during the follow-up.

U2 - 10.1155/2018/9275102

DO - 10.1155/2018/9275102

M3 - Article

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VL - 2018

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EP - 10

JO - BioMed Research International

JF - BioMed Research International

SN - 2314-6133

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