Catalytic properties of human urinary kallikrein. 1

Eraldo Antonini, Paolo Ascenzi, Enea Menegatti, Fabrizio Bortolotti, Mario Guarneri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Kinetic studies have been carried out with a well-characterized preparation of human urinary (h.u.) kallikrein using chromogenic substrates. Steady-state and pre-steady-state data for h.u. kallikrein catalyzed hydrolysis of Nα-carbobenzoxy-L-lysine p-nitrophenyl ester (ZLysONp) and of Nα-carbobenzoxy-L-alanine p-nitrophenyl ester (ZAlaONp) in the presence and absence of ethylamine and acetamidine have been obtained under various conditions and have been analyzed in the framework of the minimum three-step mechanism: E + S ⇌k-1 k1 E·S ⇌k-2 k2 E·P + P1k-3 k3 E + P2 The pH dependencies of the kinetic parameters for the hydrolysis of ZLysONp and of ZAlaONp in the presence of saturating levels of ethylamine and acetamidine show that at acid pH values (≤4) the k3 step (deacylation) is rate limiting in catalysis, whereas for pH values ≥6, k2 (acylation) becomes rate limiting. On the other hand, the acylation step is rate limiting in the enzymatic hydrolysis of ZAlaONp over the whole pH range explored. Saturating concentrations of acetamidine increase, more than those of ethylamine, kcat for the hydrolysis of ZAlaONp. The affinity of h.u. kallikrein for acetamidine and ethylamine changes about 5-fold with pH between pH 5 and 3. The pH dependence of the spectral properties of free h.u. kallikrein reflects the ionization of a group with a pKa value of 4.45 ± 0.1. The results point out that, similarly to bovine β-trypsin, h.u. kallikrein catalysis involves an ionizable group which has a pKa of about 4.5 in the free enzyme and a pKa of about 3.7 in the enzyme bound to cationic substrates or ligands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2477-2482
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemistry
Volume21
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1982

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Tissue Kallikreins
Hydrolysis
Acylation
Catalysis
Esters
Chromogenic Compounds
Enzymatic hydrolysis
Enzymes
Kinetic parameters
Alanine
Trypsin
Lysine
Ionization
Ligands
Kinetics
Acids
ethylamine
acetamidine
Substrates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Antonini, E., Ascenzi, P., Menegatti, E., Bortolotti, F., & Guarneri, M. (1982). Catalytic properties of human urinary kallikrein. 1. Biochemistry, 21(10), 2477-2482.

Catalytic properties of human urinary kallikrein. 1. / Antonini, Eraldo; Ascenzi, Paolo; Menegatti, Enea; Bortolotti, Fabrizio; Guarneri, Mario.

In: Biochemistry, Vol. 21, No. 10, 1982, p. 2477-2482.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Antonini, E, Ascenzi, P, Menegatti, E, Bortolotti, F & Guarneri, M 1982, 'Catalytic properties of human urinary kallikrein. 1', Biochemistry, vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 2477-2482.
Antonini E, Ascenzi P, Menegatti E, Bortolotti F, Guarneri M. Catalytic properties of human urinary kallikrein. 1. Biochemistry. 1982;21(10):2477-2482.
Antonini, Eraldo ; Ascenzi, Paolo ; Menegatti, Enea ; Bortolotti, Fabrizio ; Guarneri, Mario. / Catalytic properties of human urinary kallikrein. 1. In: Biochemistry. 1982 ; Vol. 21, No. 10. pp. 2477-2482.
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AB - Kinetic studies have been carried out with a well-characterized preparation of human urinary (h.u.) kallikrein using chromogenic substrates. Steady-state and pre-steady-state data for h.u. kallikrein catalyzed hydrolysis of Nα-carbobenzoxy-L-lysine p-nitrophenyl ester (ZLysONp) and of Nα-carbobenzoxy-L-alanine p-nitrophenyl ester (ZAlaONp) in the presence and absence of ethylamine and acetamidine have been obtained under various conditions and have been analyzed in the framework of the minimum three-step mechanism: E + S ⇌k-1 k1 E·S ⇌k-2 k2 E·P + P1 ⇌k-3 k3 E + P2 The pH dependencies of the kinetic parameters for the hydrolysis of ZLysONp and of ZAlaONp in the presence of saturating levels of ethylamine and acetamidine show that at acid pH values (≤4) the k3 step (deacylation) is rate limiting in catalysis, whereas for pH values ≥6, k2 (acylation) becomes rate limiting. On the other hand, the acylation step is rate limiting in the enzymatic hydrolysis of ZAlaONp over the whole pH range explored. Saturating concentrations of acetamidine increase, more than those of ethylamine, kcat for the hydrolysis of ZAlaONp. The affinity of h.u. kallikrein for acetamidine and ethylamine changes about 5-fold with pH between pH 5 and 3. The pH dependence of the spectral properties of free h.u. kallikrein reflects the ionization of a group with a pKa value of 4.45 ± 0.1. The results point out that, similarly to bovine β-trypsin, h.u. kallikrein catalysis involves an ionizable group which has a pKa of about 4.5 in the free enzyme and a pKa of about 3.7 in the enzyme bound to cationic substrates or ligands.

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