Catechol-O-methyltransferase Val158Met association with parahippocampal physiology during memory encoding in schizophrenia

A. Di Giorgio, G. Caforio, G. Blasi, P. Taurisano, L. Fazio, R. Romano, G. Ursini, B. Gelao, L. Lo Bianco, A. Papazacharias, L. Sinibaldi, T. Popolizio, A. Bellomo, A. Bertolino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met has been associated with activity of the mesial temporal lobe during episodic memory and it may weakly increase risk for schizophrenia. However, how this variant affects parahippocampal and hippocampal physiology when dopamine transmission is perturbed is unclear. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of the COMT Val158Met genotype on parahippocampal and hippocampal physiology during encoding of recognition memory in patients with schizophrenia and in healthy subjects.Method Using blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we studied 28 patients with schizophrenia and 33 healthy subjects matched for a series of sociodemographic and genetic variables while they performed a recognition memory task.Results We found that healthy subjects had greater parahippocampal and hippocampal activity during memory encoding compared to patients with schizophrenia. We also found different activity of the parahippocampal region between healthy subjects and patients with schizophrenia as a function of the COMT genotype, in that the predicted COMT Met allele dose effect had an opposite direction in controls and patients.Conclusions Our results demonstrate a COMT Val158Met genotype by diagnosis interaction in parahippocampal activity during memory encoding and may suggest that modulation of dopamine signaling interacts with other disease-related processes in determining the phenotype of parahippocampal physiology in schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1721-1731
Number of pages11
JournalPsychological Medicine
Volume41
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Fingerprint

Catechol O-Methyltransferase
Schizophrenia
Healthy Volunteers
Genotype
Dopamine
Episodic Memory
Temporal Lobe
Alleles
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Oxygen
Phenotype

Keywords

  • COMT
  • fMRI
  • memory encoding
  • schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Catechol-O-methyltransferase Val158Met association with parahippocampal physiology during memory encoding in schizophrenia. / Di Giorgio, A.; Caforio, G.; Blasi, G.; Taurisano, P.; Fazio, L.; Romano, R.; Ursini, G.; Gelao, B.; Bianco, L. Lo; Papazacharias, A.; Sinibaldi, L.; Popolizio, T.; Bellomo, A.; Bertolino, A.

In: Psychological Medicine, Vol. 41, No. 8, 08.2011, p. 1721-1731.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Di Giorgio, A, Caforio, G, Blasi, G, Taurisano, P, Fazio, L, Romano, R, Ursini, G, Gelao, B, Bianco, LL, Papazacharias, A, Sinibaldi, L, Popolizio, T, Bellomo, A & Bertolino, A 2011, 'Catechol-O-methyltransferase Val158Met association with parahippocampal physiology during memory encoding in schizophrenia', Psychological Medicine, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 1721-1731. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291710002278
Di Giorgio, A. ; Caforio, G. ; Blasi, G. ; Taurisano, P. ; Fazio, L. ; Romano, R. ; Ursini, G. ; Gelao, B. ; Bianco, L. Lo ; Papazacharias, A. ; Sinibaldi, L. ; Popolizio, T. ; Bellomo, A. ; Bertolino, A. / Catechol-O-methyltransferase Val158Met association with parahippocampal physiology during memory encoding in schizophrenia. In: Psychological Medicine. 2011 ; Vol. 41, No. 8. pp. 1721-1731.
@article{c8ecf05a0b8b45789e3db78eafb2da99,
title = "Catechol-O-methyltransferase Val158Met association with parahippocampal physiology during memory encoding in schizophrenia",
abstract = "Background Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met has been associated with activity of the mesial temporal lobe during episodic memory and it may weakly increase risk for schizophrenia. However, how this variant affects parahippocampal and hippocampal physiology when dopamine transmission is perturbed is unclear. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of the COMT Val158Met genotype on parahippocampal and hippocampal physiology during encoding of recognition memory in patients with schizophrenia and in healthy subjects.Method Using blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we studied 28 patients with schizophrenia and 33 healthy subjects matched for a series of sociodemographic and genetic variables while they performed a recognition memory task.Results We found that healthy subjects had greater parahippocampal and hippocampal activity during memory encoding compared to patients with schizophrenia. We also found different activity of the parahippocampal region between healthy subjects and patients with schizophrenia as a function of the COMT genotype, in that the predicted COMT Met allele dose effect had an opposite direction in controls and patients.Conclusions Our results demonstrate a COMT Val158Met genotype by diagnosis interaction in parahippocampal activity during memory encoding and may suggest that modulation of dopamine signaling interacts with other disease-related processes in determining the phenotype of parahippocampal physiology in schizophrenia.",
keywords = "COMT, fMRI, memory encoding, schizophrenia",
author = "{Di Giorgio}, A. and G. Caforio and G. Blasi and P. Taurisano and L. Fazio and R. Romano and G. Ursini and B. Gelao and Bianco, {L. Lo} and A. Papazacharias and L. Sinibaldi and T. Popolizio and A. Bellomo and A. Bertolino",
year = "2011",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1017/S0033291710002278",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "1721--1731",
journal = "Psychological Medicine",
issn = "0033-2917",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Catechol-O-methyltransferase Val158Met association with parahippocampal physiology during memory encoding in schizophrenia

AU - Di Giorgio, A.

AU - Caforio, G.

AU - Blasi, G.

AU - Taurisano, P.

AU - Fazio, L.

AU - Romano, R.

AU - Ursini, G.

AU - Gelao, B.

AU - Bianco, L. Lo

AU - Papazacharias, A.

AU - Sinibaldi, L.

AU - Popolizio, T.

AU - Bellomo, A.

AU - Bertolino, A.

PY - 2011/8

Y1 - 2011/8

N2 - Background Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met has been associated with activity of the mesial temporal lobe during episodic memory and it may weakly increase risk for schizophrenia. However, how this variant affects parahippocampal and hippocampal physiology when dopamine transmission is perturbed is unclear. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of the COMT Val158Met genotype on parahippocampal and hippocampal physiology during encoding of recognition memory in patients with schizophrenia and in healthy subjects.Method Using blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we studied 28 patients with schizophrenia and 33 healthy subjects matched for a series of sociodemographic and genetic variables while they performed a recognition memory task.Results We found that healthy subjects had greater parahippocampal and hippocampal activity during memory encoding compared to patients with schizophrenia. We also found different activity of the parahippocampal region between healthy subjects and patients with schizophrenia as a function of the COMT genotype, in that the predicted COMT Met allele dose effect had an opposite direction in controls and patients.Conclusions Our results demonstrate a COMT Val158Met genotype by diagnosis interaction in parahippocampal activity during memory encoding and may suggest that modulation of dopamine signaling interacts with other disease-related processes in determining the phenotype of parahippocampal physiology in schizophrenia.

AB - Background Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met has been associated with activity of the mesial temporal lobe during episodic memory and it may weakly increase risk for schizophrenia. However, how this variant affects parahippocampal and hippocampal physiology when dopamine transmission is perturbed is unclear. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of the COMT Val158Met genotype on parahippocampal and hippocampal physiology during encoding of recognition memory in patients with schizophrenia and in healthy subjects.Method Using blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we studied 28 patients with schizophrenia and 33 healthy subjects matched for a series of sociodemographic and genetic variables while they performed a recognition memory task.Results We found that healthy subjects had greater parahippocampal and hippocampal activity during memory encoding compared to patients with schizophrenia. We also found different activity of the parahippocampal region between healthy subjects and patients with schizophrenia as a function of the COMT genotype, in that the predicted COMT Met allele dose effect had an opposite direction in controls and patients.Conclusions Our results demonstrate a COMT Val158Met genotype by diagnosis interaction in parahippocampal activity during memory encoding and may suggest that modulation of dopamine signaling interacts with other disease-related processes in determining the phenotype of parahippocampal physiology in schizophrenia.

KW - COMT

KW - fMRI

KW - memory encoding

KW - schizophrenia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80055004433&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80055004433&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S0033291710002278

DO - 10.1017/S0033291710002278

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 1721

EP - 1731

JO - Psychological Medicine

JF - Psychological Medicine

SN - 0033-2917

IS - 8

ER -