Cathepsin D versus other prognostic factors in breast cancer. Results and controversies of a multicenter study on 2575 cases

D. Pelizzola, M. Gion, A. Paradiso, R. Dittadi, M. Correale, R. Mione, A. Piffanelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was the survey of cathepsin D determination in a large group of patients enrolled at several centers, under the coordination of the Italian Committee for Quality Control in the Oncological Laboratory. Cathepsin D was measured with the same methodology, under control of an intra and interlaboratory quality control program, in order to verify the comparability of cathepsin D results from different institutions and to analyze the frequency of cathepsin D positive cases in subgroups of patients stratified according to other prognostic parameters. This retrospective study included 2575 patients with primary breast cancer evaluated in 10 institutions. Cytosol from tumor tissue was the substrate for biochemical cathepsin D, estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor determination, with an interlaboratory quality control survey provided by the E.O.R.T.C. Receptor Group and the Italian Committee for Quality Control in the Oncological Laboratory. The results of the present study can be summarized as follows. 1) Cathepsin D is independent of menopausal status, 2) In spite of standardization of tissue handling and assay methods, different results may be obtained by different institutions. It is therefore essential that each laboratory calculates its own positive/negative cutoff values prior to any routine clinical use of the parameter. This should be a serious consideration when a multicenter study is planned.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-147
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Markers
Volume11
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Breast cancer ER
  • Cathepsin D
  • PgR
  • Prognostic factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry

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