Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia in remote myocardial infarction: Substrate description guiding placement of individual linear lesions targeting noninducibility

Hans Kottkamp, Ulrike Wetzel, Petra Schirdewahn, Anja Dorszewski, Jin Hong Gerds-Li, Corrado Carbucicchio, Richard Kobza, Gerhard Hindricks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to describe the arrhythmogenic substrate in postinfarction patients with ventricular tachycardia (VT) guiding the placement of individual strategic linear lesions transecting all potential isthmuses using target area maps with limited mapping points to allow short procedure times. Methods and Results: In 28 patients with pleomorphic, unstable, and/or incessant VT, electroanatomic voltage mapping was performed in conjunction with limited sinus rhythm mapping, pace mapping, and activation mapping. Radiofrequency (RF) energy was applied directly within the low-voltage areas of the chronically infarcted areas or in the border zone. Ablation lines typically were perpendicular to the course of the presumed central common pathways. The maps consisted of 63 ± 30 mapping points. An average lesion line length of 46 ± 21 mm was placed with 17 ± 7 RF pulses. Twenty-two (79%) of the 28 patients were rendered completely noninducible at the end of the procedure. Procedure time measured 134 ± 41 minutes. No major complications were observed. Six (27%) of 22 patients who were rendered completely noninducible experienced VT recurrence during follow-up versus 4 (67%) of 6 patients who were still inducible after ablation (P = 0.06). Conclusion: Individually tailored substrate description guiding the placement of linear lesion lines transecting potential isthmuses rendered 80% of the patients completely noninducible. The construction of regional target area maps allowed short procedure times, with a resulting low incidence of complications in these critically ill patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)675-681
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Volume14
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2003

Keywords

  • Ablation
  • Mapping
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology

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