Causal coherence detects causality in the closed loop relationship between heart period and systolic arterial pressure variability series

A. Porta, R. Furlan, A. Malliani, P. Van De Borne

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Coherence is not able to evaluate the strength of the link between two interacting signals in a specific causal direction as it merges both feedback and feedforward arms of the closed loop describing the relationships between them. We propose a method to evaluate the degree of linear dependency between two variables at each frequency without losing causality. It is based on the definition of two causal coherence functions. The approach is tested on heart period and systolic arterial pressure beat-to-beat series recorded in 7 heart transplant recipients less than 14 months after heart transplantation. In healthy subjects these variables interact in closed loop but in heart transplant recipients the neural feedback path (from arterial pressure to heart period) is cut due to surgical procedure, while the mechanical path (from heart period to arterial pressure) is preserved. The significance of the coupling is assessed by means of a surrogate data approach.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputers in Cardiology
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2001
EventComputer in Cardiology 2001 - Rotterdam, Netherlands
Duration: Sep 23 2001Sep 26 2001


OtherComputer in Cardiology 2001


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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