Caveolin-1 expression is variably displayed in astroglial-derived tumors and absent in oligodendrogliomas

Concrete premises for a new reliable diagnostic marker in gliomas

Paola Cassoni, Rebecca Senetta, Isabella Castellano, Erika Ortolan, Martino Bosco, Ivana Magnani, Alessandro Ducati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Caveolins are basic constituents of flask-shaped cell membrane microdomains (caveolae), which are involved in many cell functions, including signalling, trafficking, and cellular growth control. The distribution of caveolae within the normal brain and in brain tumors is controversial. In the present study, we describe the expression of caveolin-1 (cav-1) in 64 brain tumors of different grade, of either astroglial or oligodendroglial origin. All studied astrocitomas of any grade (from II to IV) were cav-1 positive, displaying staining patterns and intensity specifically associated to the different tumor grades. In all glioblastomas and gliosarcomas, cav-1 staining was extremely intense, typically localized at the cell membrane and recognized a variable percentage of cells, including the majority of spindle cells and palisade-oriented perinecrotic cells. In anaplastic astrocytomas, a less intense membrane staining or a cytoplasmic dotlike immunoreactivity were present, the latter being almost the exclusive pattern observed in diffuse astrocitomas grade II. In contrast to astroglial tumors, the striking totality of grade II oligodendrogliomas and the large majority of grade III were lacking cav-1 expression. Interestingly, a cav-1 distribution overlapping the pattern described in tissues was observed also in primary cell cultures of human glioblastomas and astrocytomas, and also in one established glioblastoma cell line (U251 MG), analyzed by means of confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. In conclusion, among astroglial tumors cav-1 expression varies in distribution, pattern, and intensity specifically according to tumor types and grades. The association between tumor progression and a more structured membranous pattern of cav-1 expression could suggest the hypothesis of a neoplastic shift towards a mesenchymal phenotype, whose behavioral and biologic significance worth further studies. Finally, the lack of cav-1 immunoreactivity in oligodendrogliomas suggests its concrete application as a useful diagnostic marker.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)760-769
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgical Pathology
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2007

Fingerprint

Oligodendroglioma
Caveolin 1
Glioma
Neoplasms
Glioblastoma
Caveolae
Astrocytoma
Staining and Labeling
Brain Neoplasms
Gliosarcoma
Cell Membrane
Membrane Microdomains
Caveolins
Primary Cell Culture
Confocal Microscopy
Flow Cytometry
Phenotype
Cell Line
Membranes
Brain

Keywords

  • Brain tumors
  • Caveolin
  • Glioblastoma
  • Marker
  • Oligodendroglioma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

Caveolin-1 expression is variably displayed in astroglial-derived tumors and absent in oligodendrogliomas : Concrete premises for a new reliable diagnostic marker in gliomas. / Cassoni, Paola; Senetta, Rebecca; Castellano, Isabella; Ortolan, Erika; Bosco, Martino; Magnani, Ivana; Ducati, Alessandro.

In: American Journal of Surgical Pathology, Vol. 31, No. 5, 05.2007, p. 760-769.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cassoni, Paola ; Senetta, Rebecca ; Castellano, Isabella ; Ortolan, Erika ; Bosco, Martino ; Magnani, Ivana ; Ducati, Alessandro. / Caveolin-1 expression is variably displayed in astroglial-derived tumors and absent in oligodendrogliomas : Concrete premises for a new reliable diagnostic marker in gliomas. In: American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 2007 ; Vol. 31, No. 5. pp. 760-769.
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