Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling activation by pathogens is critical to the induction of immune responses, and demands tight regulation.We describe in this study that CC chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) secretion triggered by TLR4 or TLR8 engagement is strongly inhibited upon simultaneous activation of both TLRs in human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs). Impaired CCL2 secretion occurs concomitantly to interleukin-12 up-regulation, being part of a complex regulatory circuit ensuring optimal T helper type 1 polarization. Interestingly, triggering selected TLRs or their combinations differently affects nuclear factor-κB p65 activation and microRNA expression. Overall, these results indicate that CCL2 supplies an important immunomodulatory role to DCs, and may contribute to dictate the cytokine profile in T helper type 1 responses induced by DCs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology