CCAAT enhancer-binding protein β is required for normal hepatocyte proliferation in mice after partial hepatectomy

Linda E. Greenbaum, Wei Li, Drew E. Cressman, Yong Peng, Gennaro Ciliberto, Valeria Poli, Rebecca Taub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


After two-thirds hepatectomy, normally quiescent liver cells are stimulated to reenter the cell cycle and proliferate to restore the original liver mass. The level of bZIP transcription factor CCAAT enhancer-binding protein β (C/EBPβ) increases in the liver during the period of cell proliferation. The significance of this change in C/EBP expression is not understood. To determine the role of C/EBPβ in the regenerating liver, we examined the regenerative response after partial hepatectomy in mice that contain a targeted disruption of the C/EBPβ gene. Posthepatectomy, hepatocyte DNA synthesis was decreased to 25% of normal in C/EBPβ -/- mice. The reduced regenerative response was associated with a prolonged period of hypoglycemia that was independent of expression of C/EBPα protein and gluconeogenic genes. C/EBPβ -/- livers showed reduced expression of immediate-early growth-control genes including the Egr-1 transcription factor, mitogen-activated protein kinase protein tyrosine phosphatase (MKP- 1), and HRS, a delayed-early gene that encodes an mRNA splicing protein. Cyclin B and E gene expression were dramatically reduced in C/EBPβ -/- livers whereas cyclin D1 expression was normal. The abnormalities in immediate-early gene expression in C/EBPβ -/- livers were distinct from those seen in IL-6 -/- livers. These data link C/EBPβ to the activation of metabolic and growth response pathways in the regenerating liver and demonstrate that C/EBPβ is required for a normal proliferative response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)996-1007
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 1998


  • CCAAT enhancer-binding protein α
  • Cyclin genes
  • Cytokine
  • Hepatic gluconeogenesis
  • Liver regeneration
  • Transcription factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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