Purpose: Few data are available in the literature on chemokine receptor expression and migratory capability of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) B cells. Information on these issues may allow us to identify novel mechanisms of chemokine-driven tumor cell migration. Experimental Design: The research was designed to investigate: (a) expression of CCR1 to CCR7 and CXCR1 to CXCR5 chemokine receptors; and (b) chemotaxis to the respective ligands in MCL B cells and in their normal counterparts, i.e., CD5+ B cells. Results: Malignant B cells from MCL patients and normal counterparts displayed similar chemokine receptor profiles. MCL B cells were induced to migrate by CXCL12 and CCL19, whereas normal CD5+ B cells migrated to the former, but not the latter chemokine. Overnight culture of MCL B cells and their normal counterparts with CXCL12 cross-sensitized other chemokine receptors to their ligands in some tumor samples but not in CD5+ B cells. Conclusions: CCR7 and CXCR4 ligands may play a key role in tumor cell migration and spreading in vivo. CXCL12 may additionally contribute by sensitizing MCL B cells to respond to the ligands of other chemokine receptors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research