The HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 interacts consecutively with CD4 and CCR5 to mediate the entry of R5-HIV-1 strains into target cells. The N-terminus of CCR5, which contains several sulfated tyrosines, plays a critical role in gp120-CCR5 binding and, consequently, in viral entry. Here, we demonstrate that a tyrosine sulfated peptide, reproducing the entire N-terminal extracellular region of CCR5, its unsulfated analogue, and a point-mutated peptide are unable to inhibit R5-HIV-1 mediated infection, competing with the entire CCR5 in the formation of gp120-CD4-CCR5 complex. Surprisingly, these peptides show the capability of enhancing HIV-1 infection caused by X4 strains through the up-regulation of both CD4 and CXCR4 receptors.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1 2003|
- Sulfated tyrosines
- Viral entry
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology