Cd 34+ cells and clonogenicity of peripheral blood stem cells during chemotherapy treatment in association with granulocyte colony stimulating factor in osteosarcoma

Marina Buzzi, D. Granchi, G. Bacci, S. Ferrari, M. Fogli, F. Fiori, C. Tarabusi, T. Venezian, A. Pederzoli, A. Pizzoferrato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The introduction of aggressive chemotherapy in the treatment of osteosarcoma has improved the long-term outcome for these patients. With the increasing aggressiveness of chemotherapy protocols, hematopoietic growth factors have emerged as useful adjuncts involving, in some cases, rescue by peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) infusion to assist faster recovery and maintain relative dose intensity. To evaluate the number of PBSCs needed, we analyzed the number of CD34+ cells and hematopoietic progenitor cells in the peripheral blood of 16 patients with osteoblastic, condroblastic and fibroblastic osteosarcoma enrolled in an Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli- Scandinavian Sarcoma Group (IOR-SSG) pilot study, consisting of two cycles of preoperative high dose chemotherapy. The blood samples were studied at different times. The CD34+ cells were analyzed by flow cytometry and the hematopoietic progenitor cells were analyzed by tissue culture clonogenic assay. In comparing the two courses of chemotherapy, we observed that modification of the mean values of WBC, CD34+ and CFU-GM were very similar. The second course of chemotherapy seemed to induce greater hematological toxicity. All three parameters showed good correlation. The results demonstrated that the best time to collect PBSC by means of leukapheresis is post G-CSF used as rescue after ifosfamide treatment. We verified the ability of G-CSF to mobilize PBSCs in patients with osteosarcoma through cytofluorimetric analysis of CD34+ cells and their clonogenic capability. Moreover, during this preoperative treatment, we identified the best time to collect a sufficient number of PBSCs, that is after 9-10 days of G-CSF treatment following the first cycle of ifosfamide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-300
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chemotherapy
Volume11
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • CD34
  • Clonogenic cells
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Peripheral blood stem cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Microbiology (medical)

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    Buzzi, M., Granchi, D., Bacci, G., Ferrari, S., Fogli, M., Fiori, F., Tarabusi, C., Venezian, T., Pederzoli, A., & Pizzoferrato, A. (1999). Cd 34+ cells and clonogenicity of peripheral blood stem cells during chemotherapy treatment in association with granulocyte colony stimulating factor in osteosarcoma. Journal of Chemotherapy, 11(4), 293-300.