CD28 ligation in the absence of TCR promotes relA/NF-κB recruitment and trans-activation of the HIV-1LTR

Alessandro Annibaldi, Angela Sajeva, Michela Muscolini, Fabiola Ciccosanti, Marco Corazzari, Mauro Piacentini, Loretta Tousto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

CD28 is one of the most important co-stimulatory receptors necessary for full T lymphocyte activation. CD28 can act as a TCR-independent signalling unit by delivering specific signals which may induce HIV transcription and replication. However, the mechanisms by which CD28 regulates HIV expression remain largely unknown. Here we show that the TCR-independent CD28 signals lead to the trans-activation of HIV-1 LTR in an NF-kB-dependent manner. In particular, we found that CD28 engagement by B7 induces the specific recruitment of ReIA/NF-kB subunit to the HIV-1 LTR promoter both in vitro and in ex vivo infected cells. The results obtained by mutating specific tyrosine residues within the CD28 cytoplasmic tail as well as by using LY294002 inhibitory drug evidenced that the recruitment and activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signalling pathway is crucial in mediating CD28-induced HIV transcription through RelA/NF-κB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1446-1451
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2008

Keywords

  • CD28
  • HIV
  • NF-κB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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