CD40 ligand-stimulated B cell precursor leukemic cells elicit interferon-γ production by autologous bone marrow T cells in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia

E. Todisco, G. Gaipa, E. Biagi, M. Bonamino, R. Gramigna, M. Introna, A. Biondi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Childhood B cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) cells, collected from bone marrow (BM) at diagnosis, were cultured, after thawing, on allogeneic human bone marrow stroma (HBMS) for 48 h in the presence of a soluble trimeric CD40 ligand (stCD40L) molecule. HBMS maintained leukemic cells viability in all tested cases (mean viability 85%). Under these culture conditions we noticed upregulation or de novo expression of costimulatory molecules CD40, CD80 (B7-1) and CD86 (B7-2) in 22/22, 15/23 and 21/23 cases, respectively. Upregulation, in terms of fluorescence intensity, was also observed in the expression of MHC I, MHC II, CD54 (ICAM 1) and CD58 (LFA 3) molecules. HBMS alone, although to a lesser extent, was able to induce modulation of these molecules, but not CD80, in a similar proportion of cases. Neither stCD40L nor HBMS induced modulation of CD10 and CD34 molecules. Moreover, in 4/4 tested cases, stCD40L-stimulated ALL cells were able to induce allogeneic T cells proliferation. To evaluate whether leukemia-reactive T cells were detectable in the BM of ALL patients at diagnosis, stCD40L-stimulated ALL cells were co-cultured with autologous T cells (ratio 1:1), isolated from BM at diagnosis, for 4 days and a 24 h ELISPOT assay was applied to detect the presence of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ)-producing cells. In four of seven cases IFN-γ-producing cells were detected with frequencies of 1/900, 1/1560, 1/2150 and 1/1575 autologous T cells. These data confirm that stCD40L exposure can activate the antigen-presenting cell (APC) capacity of BCP-ALL cells cultured on HBMS and that ELISPOT assay can be used to measure the frequency of leukemia-reactive autologous T cells in the BM of ALL patients even after short-term culture with stCD40L-stimulated ALL cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2046-2054
Number of pages9
JournalLeukemia
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2002

Keywords

  • CD40 ligand
  • Childhood ALL
  • ELISPOT
  • Immunology
  • Interferongamma
  • Stroma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Cancer Research

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