The modulation of surface molecules on B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells was studied in vitro by incubation with CD19, CD20, CD21, CD5 and anti-IgM antibodies. The cytoplasmic changes were evaluated by analyzing the organization of cytoskeletal F-actin and the adhesive properties of stimulated B-CLL cells. The following observations were made: (a) CD5 antigen is capped on the surface of B-CLL cells (but not on normal CD5 + B and T lymphocytes). (b) On B-CLL cells, CD5 and CD21, the receptors for the C3d fraction of complement, co-cap and co-modulate while surface IgM as well as CD19 and CD20 do not cap. (c) B-CLL cells, after capping of CD5 or CD21 surface molecules, fail to organize F-actin into podosomes. (d) The pre-incubation of B-CLL cells with either CD5 or CD21 antibodies prevents their binding to purified C3d protein used to coat coverslips. These data indicate that an intimate spatial relationship exists between CD5 and CD21 molecules on the B-CLL surface. The CD5-CD21 complex is involved in the redistribution of cytoskeletal proteins which may control the adhesive properties of these malignant B cells.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas