CD8+ T cells from patients with acute multiple sclerosis display selective increase of adhesiveness in brain venules: A critical role for P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1

Luca Battistini, Laura Piccio, Barbara Rossi, Simona Bach, Simona Galgani, Claudio Gasperini, Linda Ottoboni, Donatella Ciabini, Maria D. Caramia, Giorgio Bernardi, Carlo Laudanna, Elio Scarpini, Rodger P. McEver, Eugene C. Butcher, Giovanna Borsellino, Gabriela Constantin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered an autoimmune inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. Under physiologic conditions, we compared the adhesiveness of CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes from nontreated patients with acute, relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and from healthy donors. We show that in patients with RRMS CD8+, but not with RRMS CD4+, T cells display increased rolling and arrest in inflamed murine brain venules. Moreover, CD8+, but not CD4+, lymphocytes from MS patients show increased rolling on P-selectin in vitro. Anti-P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) antibodies dramatically block the recruitment of CD8+ cells in brain vessels of patients with MS, suggesting that PSGL-1 represents a novel pharmaceutical target that may be exploited to block the selective entrance of CD8+ cells during early inflammation. Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), but not PSGL-1, is critical for the adhesion of CD4+ cells in MS patients, high-lighting a fundamental dichotomy in the mechanisms governing the recruitment of lymphocyte subsets in RRMS. Importantly, 7-color fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis, together with functional data, indicates that a large fraction of CD8+ cells from MS patients display the characteristics of memory-effector phenotype. In conclusion, our results show that CD8+, but not CD4+, T cells from patients with RRMS in the acute phase of the disease display increased ability to be recruited in inflamed brain venules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4775-4782
Number of pages8
JournalBlood
Volume101
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2003

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

Cite this

Battistini, L., Piccio, L., Rossi, B., Bach, S., Galgani, S., Gasperini, C., Ottoboni, L., Ciabini, D., Caramia, M. D., Bernardi, G., Laudanna, C., Scarpini, E., McEver, R. P., Butcher, E. C., Borsellino, G., & Constantin, G. (2003). CD8+ T cells from patients with acute multiple sclerosis display selective increase of adhesiveness in brain venules: A critical role for P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1. Blood, 101(12), 4775-4782.