Engagement of the CD95 (Apo-1, Fas) membrane receptor is known to induce apoptosis in a variety of sensitive cells, even in the absence of extracellular Ca2+. The signal transduction events implicated in this pathway are poorly understood. We have recently characterized normal human Vγ9/Vδ2+ T cell clones that maintain similar levels of CD95 membrane expression throughout the culture. Here we show that 3 wk of culture after in vitro restimulation are necessary for the cells both to die and to acquire the ability to mobilize intracellular Ca2+ upon CD95 ligation. Buffering of intracellular Ca2+ by accumulation of the chelator 1,2-bis(2-amino phenoxy)ethane-N,N,N1,N1-tetraacetic acid protects from CD95-triggered apoptosis, suggesting that the two phenomena are causally related. As intracellular Ca2+ release by inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum ATPases induces apoptosis in both recently and long term activated γδ cells, the molecular regulation of activation-dependent apoptosis is likely to involve events upstream of CD95-dependent Ca2+ release. The CD95-triggered increase in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration depends on depletion of the same intracellular Ca2+ stores mobilized by ligation of the TCR, and Ca2+ release does not depend on inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate generation.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 15 1996|
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