Heterogeneous lysability by interleukin-2 activated lymphocytes (LAK) and other immune effectors was observed in the human colon-carcinoma lines LoVo/Dx, LoVo/H and HP29. The tumor cells with high susceptibility to LAK (LoVo/Dx, HL29) expressed higher amounts of the adhesion molecules ICAMl, LFA3 and NCA/CEA than cells with low LAK sensitivity (LoVo/H). Monoclonal antibodies against these molecules caused a marked reduction of lysis by LAK of LoVo/Dx and HT29. A pool of these antibodies induced a nearly complete inhibition of the LAK lysis of both lines. Treatment of LoVo/Dx with differentiating agents (dimethylformamide and retinoic acid) led to a decreased expression of the adhesion molecules, including NCA, accompanied by increased resistance to LAK-mediated lysis. Moreover, the presence of CEA soluble antigen drastically inhibited the cytotoxic activity of LAK effectors against HL29 and LoVo/Dx cells, in a dose-dependent manner. These data indicate that sensitivity of colon-carcinoma cells to activated lymphocytes depends on the level of expression of adhesion molecules, including CEA and NCA. Given the role of CEA-related antigens in tumor/lymphocyte interaction, soluble CEA, frequently released by colon-carcinoma, may be involved in immunosuppressive effects induced in vivo by tumor cells.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Markers|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas