Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis Induced by Kinamycin F in Human Osteosarcoma Cells.

Alberto Bavelloni, E Focaccia, Manuela Piazzi, Costantino Errani, William Blalock, S. Faenza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM:
Kinamycin F is a bacterial metabolite which contains an unusual and potentially reactive diazo group that is known for its ability to inhibit cell growth. In this study, the potential anti-tumor activity of kinamycin F was investigated in three human osteosarcoma cell lines, MG-63, U-2 OS and HOS as an antitumor agent with a potentially novel target.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Proliferation and cell viability were measured in three human osteosarcoma cell lines by commercially available kits. We also evaluated the effects of the drug on cell cycle progression using the Muse™ Cell Analyzer. Caspase-3 activity was determined by a fluorometric EnzChek assay kit. Finally, following treatment with kinamycin F the protein levels of cyclin D3, cyclin A and cdK-2 were examined.
RESULTS:
Kinamycin F induced a concentration-dependent cell death in all the three cell lines. Flow cytometry revealed that kinamycin F treatment at 1 μM concentration significantly increased the cell population in the G2/M-phase (60-65%). Kinamycin F activated caspase 3 in all the three cell lines, clearly demonstrating that the growth inhibitory effect of kinamycin F can be attributed to apoptosis induction. Finally, kinamycin F suppressed osteosarcoma cell proliferation affecting cyclin A and D3 expression.
CONCLUSION:
Understanding the mechanism by which kinamycin F exerts its ability to inhibit cell growth may be a step forward in the development of new therapeutic strategies for the treatment of OS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4103-4109
Number of pages7
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume37
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Keywords

  • Osteosarcomas
  • cell death
  • cyclin D3
  • kinamycin F

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