Bone-marrow (BM) hematopoietic precursors are recruited into proliferative activity when colony-stimulating factors (CSF) are sequenced with chemotherapy (CT). Previous studies suggested that further CT can be safely administered only when the increased proliferative activity of these cells has subsided, because most cytostatic drugs selectively damage cycling cells. The safest interval between CSF discontinuation and the start of the next CT course needs to be ascertained in vivo. Thirty patients with advanced breast cancer were treated with an intensified FEC regimen, planned at 21-day intervals, sequenced with granulocyte-macrophage (GM)-CSF (15 patients) or granulocyte (G)-CSF (15 patients). Using flow cytometry (FCM) we evaluated the proliferation kinetics of CD34 + BM hematopoietic progenitors before CT + CSF and at different times after CSF administration was stopped. FEC + GM- and FEC + G-CSF sequences both induced a rapid and sustained increase in the percentage of BM myeloid precursors (BMMP%) and in the cycling status of CD34 + BM cells. However, while the BMMP% remained elevated in both cases after CSF were stopped, the enhanced proliferative activity of CD34 + cells decreased move rapidly after GM- than after G-CSF. Using FCM, CD34 + BM-derived hematopoietic presursor cell kinetics is readily evaluated in the clinical setting. The administration of CSF following CT increases both the proliferative activity of CD34 + BM cells and the BMMP%. After CSF were discontinued a kinetic refractoriness of hematopoietic progenitors was more evident after GM-CSF than after G-CSF. These data may be of value in designing clinical trials to avoid cytostatic damage to the BM hematopoietic stem-cell compartment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research