Cell proliferation, apoptosis and mitochondrial damage in rat B50 neuronal cells after cisplatin treatment

M. G. Bottone, C. Soldani, P. Veneroni, D. Avella, M. Pisu, G. Bernocchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Cisplatin (cisPt) is used as a chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of a variety of human tumours; more recently, it has been demonstrated that tumour cell exposure to cisPt ultimately results in apoptosis, but the mechanism by which nuclear cisPt/DNA generates the cytoplasmic cascade of events involved has not been clarified. We have investigated the effects of cisPt on proliferation in the neuronal cell line B50, with particular attention being given to understand whether mitochondria are a target of cisPt and their involvement in the apoptotic process. Materials and methods: Rat neuronal B50 cells were used to investigate the mechanisms of cisPt-induced cytotoxicity; this line has been used as a model system for neurotoxicity in vivo. Results: Changes in proliferation, induction of apoptosis, activation of caspase-3 and DNA fragmentation were observed in the cells, as well as morphological and biochemical alterations of mithocondria. Activation of caspase-9 confirmed that mitochondria are a target of cisPt. Conclusion: CisPt exerts cytotoxic effects in the neuronal B50 cell line via a caspase-dependent pathway with mitochondria being central relay stations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)506-520
Number of pages15
JournalCell Proliferation
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Cell proliferation, apoptosis and mitochondrial damage in rat B50 neuronal cells after cisplatin treatment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this