Cell surface antigens of chemically induced fibrosarcomas: Detection by a monoclonal antibody of a tumor-restricted M(r) 12,000 protein gag antigen encoded by a dual-tropic murine leukemia virus

G. Carbone, M. A. Pierotti, M. Boiocchi, A. B. De Leo, D. Ballinari, P. Radice, M. G. Borrello, A. Meseguer, A. Cernuschi, G. Parmiani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fusion products of spleen cells of W/FuDp rats immunized with a methylcholanthrene-induced BALB/c sarcoma, CA-2, and mouse myeloma cells were screened in an attempt to identify a monoclonal antibody defining the individually distinct tumor-specific transplantation antigen of CA-2. A hybridoma, MP/69/04, was isolated which produces an IgG(2a) monoclonal antibody that recognized a tumor-restricted antigen of CA-2. In direct binding assay, MP/69/04 reacted only with 2 of 15 methylcholanthrene induced BALB/c sarcomas tested. Thymus, spleen, lymph nodes, bone marrow, brain, adult lung fibroblasts, newborn muscle fibroblasts and 3T3 cells were negative. Absorption tests revealed, however, expression of the MP/69/04 determinant on 8 of the 12 murine leukemia virus (MuLV) producer BALB/c sarcoma tested. The antigen was not detected on any of the three non-producer sarcomas tested nor on a wide range of normal tissues and cell lines. An N-dualtropic MuLV was isolated from CA-2, and cell lines susceptible to infection by this virus were shown to express the MP/69/04 epitope. By Western blotting, the MP/69/04 epitope was identified as being expressed on the MuLV structural protein with a molecular weight of 12,000, present in CA-2 cells and in the purified CA-2 MuLV. These results indicate the MP/69/04 antigen is not a unique tumor-specific transplantation antigen but is a gag product of a recombinant retrovirus which is expressed on the cell surface of many MuLV + methylcholanthrene-induced BALB/c fibrosarcomas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4980-4985
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Volume45
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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