Cells secreting antibodies against guinea pig myelin and synthetic myelin basic protein (MBP) peptides were evaluated in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood from patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and a variety of other neurological diseases (OND). The peptides used, reproducing amino acid sequences 1-20, 70-89, 108-126, or 157-166 of MBP, were selected on the basis of their hydrophilic and encephalitogenic properties. Low numbers of cells secreting IgG antibodies against myelin or each of the MBP peptides (about 1 per 50000) were detected in peripheral blood, with no difference between MS and OND. In CSF, cells secreting IgG antibodies to MBP 70-89 were more frequently (p = 0.007) detected in patients with MS (1/380 IgG-secreting cells on average) than in patients with OND (1/2083 IgG-secreting cells on average). The frequencies of cells secreting antibodies against myelin or the three other MBP peptides were similar in MS and OND. Thus, evaluation of B cell immunity at the cellular level indicates that MBP 70-89 is an immunodominant B cell epitope in MS. It is not clear whether this intrathecal anti-MBP 70-89 IgG antibody response has any pathogenetic relevance in MS or is the result of myelin breakdown.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1991|
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