Cells producing antibodies specific for myelin basic protein region 70-89 are predominant in cerebrospinal fluid from patients with multiple sclerosis

Gianvito Martino, Tomas Olsson, Sten Fredrikson, Bo Hojeberg, Vasilios Kostulas, Luigi M E Grimaldi, Hans Link

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cells secreting antibodies against guinea pig myelin and synthetic myelin basic protein (MBP) peptides were evaluated in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood from patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and a variety of other neurological diseases (OND). The peptides used, reproducing amino acid sequences 1-20, 70-89, 108-126, or 157-166 of MBP, were selected on the basis of their hydrophilic and encephalitogenic properties. Low numbers of cells secreting IgG antibodies against myelin or each of the MBP peptides (about 1 per 50000) were detected in peripheral blood, with no difference between MS and OND. In CSF, cells secreting IgG antibodies to MBP 70-89 were more frequently (p = 0.007) detected in patients with MS (1/380 IgG-secreting cells on average) than in patients with OND (1/2083 IgG-secreting cells on average). The frequencies of cells secreting antibodies against myelin or the three other MBP peptides were similar in MS and OND. Thus, evaluation of B cell immunity at the cellular level indicates that MBP 70-89 is an immunodominant B cell epitope in MS. It is not clear whether this intrathecal anti-MBP 70-89 IgG antibody response has any pathogenetic relevance in MS or is the result of myelin breakdown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2971-2976
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume21
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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