Background. Long-term durability of homograft valves is related to cellular viability and immunological compatibility. In this paper, we carry out a critical update of the relationship between cellular viability and immunology of cryopreserved homograft valves. Biological issue. In the first section, we review the theoretical background of the superior durability of cryopreserved valves with high cellular viability, with respect to the "fresh" antibiotic-stored valves, with lower viability rates. Afterwards, a brief review of the principal factors influencing the homograft valve viability rate during harvesting, preparation, sterilization and cryopreservation phases, is performed. Cellular viability. In the second paragraph, we analyze the problem of cellular viability in cryopreserved valves, both for matrix cells - fibroblast - and for endothelium. In particular, we report the current methods of quantifications of viability and more recent biological researches. Correlations between biological and clinical data are also discussed. Immunological issue. Finally, the immunological issue and its relationships with cellular viability is analyzed, with particular regard to experimental evidence and clinical implications. Moreover, we have described the recent hypothesis on the influence of cryopreservation on the antigenicity of tissues, and the laboratory researches on the long-term antibody response in humans after homograft valve implantation.
|Translated title of the contribution||Cellular viability and immunology in cryopreserved homograft valves. A critical review|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - May 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine