Centralized cytogenetic analysis of pediatric acute leukemia: Results of an Italian collaborative experience

Laura Sainati, Anna Leszl, Mariacaterina Putti, Francesco Pasquali, Emanuela Maserati, Emilio Donti, Giovanna Venti, Paolo Simi, Cecilia Giuliani, Adriano Angioni, Mario Stella, Anna Montaldi, Mario Sessarego, Luigi Zanesco, Andrea Biondi, Giuseppe Basso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and Objective. Cytogenetic analysis of acute leukemia yields important information which has been demonstrated to be correlated to patient survival. A reference laboratory was created in order to perform karyotype analysis on all cases of acute leukemia enrolled in the AIEOP (Associazione Italiana Emato-Oncologia Pediatrica) protocols. Methods. From January 1990 to December 1995, 1115 samples of children with ALL or AML were sent in for cytogenetic analysis. The results of cell cultures were screened in the Reference Laboratory and then the fixed metaphases were sent to one of the six cytogenetic laboratories for analysis. Results. The leukemic karyotypes of 556 patients were successfully analyzed. An abnormal clone was detected in 49% of cases of ALL and in 66% of AML. In ALL the most frequent abnormality was 9p rearrangement. Other recurrent abnormalities were t(9;22), t(4;11) and t(1;19). In AML t(8;21), t(15;17) and 11q23 rearrangement were the most frequent structural abnormalities. These findings are similar to the results obtained in other multicenter studies using a similar approach. Interpretation and Conclusions. Our data confirm the feasibility of performing cytogenetic analysis in a centralized laboratory on mailed samples of bone marrow and/or peripheral blood; this is very important considering that cytogenetic analysis of neoplastic tissue requires a special laboratory and expert staff.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-659
Number of pages6
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1997


  • Acute leukemias
  • Children
  • Chromosomes
  • Cytogenetic
  • Prognosis
  • Reference laboratory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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