Cerebellar White Matter Disruption in Alzheimer's Disease Patients: A Diffusion Tensor Imaging Study

Sofia Toniolo, Laura Serra, Giusy Olivito, Carlo Caltagirone, Nicola Biagio Mercuri, Camillo Marra, Mara Cercignani, Marco Bozzali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The cognitive role of the cerebellum has recently gained much attention, and its pivotal role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) has now been widely recognized. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been used to evaluate the disruption of the microstructural milieu in AD, and though several white matter (WM) tracts such as corpus callosum, inferior and superior longitudinal fasciculus, cingulum, fornix, and uncinate fasciculus have been evaluated in AD, data on cerebellar WM tracts are currently lacking. We performed a tractography-based DTI reconstruction of the middle cerebellar peduncle (MCP), and the left and right superior cerebellar peduncles separately (SCPL and SCPR) and addressed the differences in fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusivity (Dax), radial diffusivity (RD), and mean diffusivity (MD) in the three tracts between 50 patients with AD and 25 healthy subjects. We found that AD patients showed a lower FA and a higher RD compared to healthy subjects in MCP, SCPL, and SCPR. Moreover, higher MD was found in SCPR and SCPL and higher Dax in SCPL. This result is important as it challenges the traditional view that WM bundles in the cerebellum are unaffected in AD and might identify new targets for therapeutic interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)615-624
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • cerebellum
  • diffusion tensor imaging
  • probabilistic tractography
  • white matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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