The effects of propofol on cerebral blood flow velocity, cerebrospinal fluid pressure, cerebral perfusion pressure and mean arterial pressure were studied during induction in 25 patients scheduled for elective craniotomy. Premedication consisted of only atropine sulphate 0.007 mg/kg (im) 45 min before induction. Measurements were made or derived at time zero and 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 min after an induction dose of propofol (2.5 mg/kg). Patients were retrospectively stratified into two groups, according to cerebrospinal pressure basal values: (i) lower than 10 mmHg (10 pts) and (ii) higher than 10 mmHg (15 pts). Cerebral blood flow velocity, measured by transcranial Doppler, fell in all the patients, but the reduction was significant at 1, 2, 3 and 4 min only in the group with high CSF pressure, while it never reached the critical value of 10 cm/s. Cerebrospinal fluid pressure and mean arterial pressure decreased in both groups of patients and the fall reached a statistical significance at 1 and 2 min in the group with higher baseline CSF pressure, only at 1 min: a parallel decrease of CPP was recorded, but it was not significant. Thus propofol decreases CSF pressure without hazardous effects on cerebral blood velocity and on cerebral perfusion pressure and seems to be a suitable anaesthetic agent in controlling high cerebrospinal fluid pressure in neuroanaesthesia.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology