Cerebral oxygenation with different nasal continuous positive airway pressure levels in preterm infants

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Objectives: This study evaluates the effect of varying nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) level on cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygenation in preterm infants. Methods: Oxy-haemoglobin (HbO2) and total haemoglobin (HbTot), as CBF estimates, and the ratio between HbO2and HbTot (HbO2/HbTot), as cerebral oxygenation estimate, were assessed by near-infrared spectroscopy in 26 stable preterm newborns at a postmenstrual age between 26 and 33 weeks. Baseline HbO2, HbTot and HbO2/HbTot values were initially collected with NCPAP at 5 cm H2O and then compared with values obtained with NCPAP levels at both 3 and 8 cm H2O. Results: Compared with 5 cm H2O, cerebral HbO2, HbTot and HbO2/HbTot remained unchanged both after increasing (to 8 cm H2O) and decreasing (to 3 cm H2O) the NCPAP level. This result was observed both in regional areas (24 sites) and in the overall monitored area (frontal and parietal cortex). Compared with 8 cm H2O, peripheral oxygen saturation significantly decreased at 3 cm H2O (p=0.021). Heart rate did not change. Conclusions: No differences in CBF and cerebral oxygenation were observed with NCPAP levels in the range 3-8 cm H2O despite a decrease in peripheral oxygenation with 3 cm H2O.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F165-F168
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Medicine(all)


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