Cerebrospinal Fluid Total Prion Protein in the Spectrum of Prion Diseases

Anna Villar-Piqué, Matthias Schmitz, Ingolf Lachmann, André Karch, Olga Calero, Christiane Stehmann, Shannon Sarros, Anna Ladogana, Anna Poleggi, Isabel Santana, Isidre Ferrer, Eva Mitrova, Dana Žáková, Maurizio Pocchiari, Inês Baldeiras, Miguel Calero, Steven J. Collins, Michael D. Geschwind, Raquel Sánchez-Valle, Inga ZerrFranc Llorens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) total prion protein (t-PrP) is decreased in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD). However, data on the comparative signatures of t-PrP across the spectrum of prion diseases, longitudinal changes during disease progression, and levels in pre-clinical cases are scarce. T-PrP was quantified in neurological diseases (ND, n = 147) and in prion diseases from different aetiologies including sporadic (sCJD, n = 193), iatrogenic (iCJD, n = 12) and genetic (n = 209) forms. T-PrP was also measured in serial lumbar punctures obtained from sCJD cases at different symptomatic disease stages, and in asymptomatic prion protein gene (PRNP) mutation carriers. Compared to ND, t-PrP concentrations were significantly decreased in sCJD, iCJD and in genetic prion diseases associated with the three most common mutations E200K, V210I (associated with genetic CJD) and D178N-129M (associated with fatal familial insomnia). In contrast, t-PrP concentrations in P102L mutants (associated with the Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome) remained unaltered. In serial lumbar punctures obtained at different disease stages of sCJD patients, t-PrP concentrations inversely correlated with disease progression. Decreased mean t-PrP values were detected in asymptomatic D178-129M mutant carriers, but not in E200K and P102L carriers. The presence of low CSF t-PrP is common to all types of prion diseases regardless of their aetiology albeit with mutation-specific exceptions in a minority of genetic cases. In some genetic prion disease, decreased levels are already detected at pre-clinical stages and diminish in parallel with disease progression. Our data indicate that CSF t-PrP concentrations may have a role as a pre-clinical or early symptomatic diagnostic biomarker in prion diseases as well as in the evaluation of therapeutic interventions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Neurobiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Cerebrospinal fluid
  • Genetic prion disease
  • Iatrogenic prion disease
  • Prion protein
  • Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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    Villar-Piqué, A., Schmitz, M., Lachmann, I., Karch, A., Calero, O., Stehmann, C., Sarros, S., Ladogana, A., Poleggi, A., Santana, I., Ferrer, I., Mitrova, E., Žáková, D., Pocchiari, M., Baldeiras, I., Calero, M., Collins, S. J., Geschwind, M. D., Sánchez-Valle, R., ... Llorens, F. (Accepted/In press). Cerebrospinal Fluid Total Prion Protein in the Spectrum of Prion Diseases. Molecular Neurobiology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12035-018-1251-1