Cervical repair of congenital tracheoesophageal fistula: Complications lurking!

Andrea Conforti, Chiara Iacusso, Laura Valfrè, Marilena Trozzi, Sergio Bottero, Pietro Bagolan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim: Esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) consist of a spectrum of rare congenital abnormalities. Although EA surgical treatment is well established, the outcome of EA with proximal fistula (type B and D EA) or isolated H-type fistula (type E EA) is poorly explored. These forms of EA shared a common surgical step: the need of a cervical approach to close the fistula. Therefore, the aim of present study is to evaluate postoperative outcomes of patients treated for Gross type B-D and E EA, on regards of their cervical surgery. Materials and methods: A retrospective case series analysis of all patients affected by type B-D and E EA, and admitted to our tertiary care center between January 2003 and December 2014 was performed. All patients underwent preoperative flexible laryngo-tracheobronchoscopy (LTBS) as part of our standardized preoperative diagnostic assessment to define the diagnosis, evaluate preoperative vocal cord motility and to cannulate the fistula when required. Fistula closure was always performed through a right cervical access. Analysis of all cases and comparison between type B-D and E EA were performed. Mann-Whitney test, Chi-squared test and unpaired t test were used as appropriate; p

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 27 2016


  • Esophageal atresia
  • Isolated tracheoesophageal fistula
  • TEF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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