Cestode Infestations. Hydatid Disease and Cysticercosis

Enrico Brunetti, A. Clinton White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although humans can be definitive hosts for cestodes (tapeworms), major pathologic conditions occur during cestode larval stages when humans serve as the intermediate host for these parasites. The most relevant forms of human disease caused by cestode larvae are echinococcosis, caused by Echinococcus granulosus (cystic echinococcosis) and Echinococcus multilocularis (alveolar echinococcosis), and cysticercosis, caused by Taenia solium. These infections occur worldwide, but their relevance is particularly high in developing countries, where poor hygiene conditions facilitate the transmission of the parasites. The therapeutic approach is often complex, requiring surgery and/or chemotherapy or, in the case of cystic echinococcosis, percutaneous treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-435
Number of pages15
JournalInfectious Disease Clinics of North America
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

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Keywords

  • Alveolar echinococcosis
  • Cestodes
  • Cystic echinococcosis
  • Cysticercosis
  • Neurocysticercosis
  • Tapeworms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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