Cetuximab plus chronomodulated irinotecan, 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin and oxaliplatin as neoadjuvant chemotherapy in colorectal liver metastases: POCHER trial

C. Garufi, A. Torsello, S. Tumolo, G. M. Ettorre, M. Zeuli, C. Campanella, G. Vennarecci, M. Mottolese, I. Sperduti, F. Cognetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background:We assessed the effectiveness of cetuximab plus chronomodulated irinotecan, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), leucovorin (FA) and oxaliplatin (L-OHP) (chrono-IFLO) administered as neoadjuvant chemotherapy to increase the resectability of colorectal liver metastases.Methods:This was a phase II prospective trial with rate of liver metastases resection as primary end point. Forty-three patients with unresectable metastases were enroled: 9 with metastases >5 cm; 29 with multinodular (4) disease; 1 with hilar location; 4 with extrahepatic lung disease. Treatment consisted of cetuximab at day 1 plus chronomodulated irinotecan 5-FU, FA and L-OHP for 2-6 days every 2 weeks. After the first 17 patients, doses were reduced for irinotecan to 110 mg m 2, 5-FU to 550 mg m 2 per day and L-OHP to 15 mg m 2 per day.Results:Macroscopically complete resections were performed in 26 out of 43 patients (60%) after a median of 6 (range 3-15) cycles. Partial response was noticed in 34 patients (79%). Median overall survival was 37 months (95% CI: 21-53 months), with a 2-year survival of 68% in the entire population, 80.6% in resected patients and 47.1% in unresected patients (P=0.01). Grade 3/4 diarrhoea occurred in 93% and 36% of patients before and after dose reduction.Conclusion:Cetuximab plus chrono-IFLO achieved 60% complete resectability of colorectal liver metastases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1542-1547
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume103
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 9 2010

Keywords

  • cetuximab
  • chronotherapy
  • colorectal liver metastases
  • liver resectability
  • neoadjuvant chemotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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